Trees, Shrubs, and Vines 2019 Spring Flower Fair Plant Sale Abelia × grandiflora ‘Radiance’ (Abelia)White trimmed foliage along red stems provides foliar interest from spring through fall. Beginning in June, tubular white flowers begin to appear which will continue throughout the summer and into fall. Plants mature to 3’ tall and 5’ wide, and thrive in full sun and well drained soils. Zone 6 hardy.Abelia × zanderi ‘Little Richard’ (Abelia)Little Richard only grows to 3’ tall and wide, making it ideal to combine with perennials in a mixed border of near the front of a shrub border. Lightly fragrant flowers are produced from May to September over the glossy green foliage. Plants are very tolerant of harsh conditions, but will thrive in full sun and well-drained soils. Zone 6 hardy.Acanthopanax sieboldianus ‘Variegatus’ (Variegated Aralia)Rare! Great plant for the difficult spot. White variegated leaves on an arching plant that stretches to 6’ tall will brighten up a dark, shady location. Morning sun or a full day of shade is preferred and is very tolerant of drought and pollution when established.Acanthopanax sieboldianus ‘Variegatus’ (Variegated Aralia) 2Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple)Few trees are as showy, with its cinnamon-colored exfoliating bark. The fine-textured leaves have 3 leaflets and change from dark green with silvery undersides in summer to shades of red and bronze come autumn. A very tidy oval-shaped small tree that is extremely easy to grow and very long lived. Fits beautifully into both small and large gardens alike! Featured by Cook's Market at Rutgers Gardens.Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple) 2(Bark detail shown.)Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple) 3Acer palmatum var. dissectum ‘Tamukeyama’ (Red Cutleaf Japanese Maple)Lacy red foliage appears on the cascading branches in early spring, changing to bronze burgundy in the summer and orange-red in the fall. Slowly grows to 15’ tall and best grown in light shade, but will tolerate full sun if the soil is amended with organic matter and does not dry out frequently.Featured in the Asian Hillside Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Acer palmatum var. dissectum ‘Viridis’ (Cutleaf Japanese Maple)Bright green lacy foliage in spring with small but showy red samaras (seeds) in summer, followed by beautiful orange and yellow fall color (shown). Weeping and mounded habit provides year-round interest.Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye)Native! Got deer? This deer resistant plant is successful in sun or shade, producing large (8-12”+) white bottlebrush flowers in June. A true winner of a plant that is largely unrecognized by much of the gardening community! Good yellow fall color.Featured in the Shrub Garden and along the entrance drive at Rutgers Gardens.Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye) 2Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye) 3(October foliage shown.)Aesculus parviflora var. serotina ‘Rogers’ (Rogers Bottlebrush Buckeye)Similar species Aesculus parviflora, except the flowers appear in mid to late July and the plant is wet site tolerantAesculus pavia (Red Buckeye)Native to Alabama, but perfectly hardy in NJ, this small tree to large shrub grows to 20’ in height, with dark red flowers in May. Very happy growing in shaded areas; it will also tolerate full sun. Well-drained to moist soils.Featured by the Rain Garden and Pollinator Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye) 2Amelanchier laevis (Serviceberry)Native! A native small tree growing to 40’ tall. It produces copious amounts of small white flowers in May, followed by 3/8” small purple fruit that is edible and very sweet. In fact, the berries make for excellent pie filling! The fall color is an outstanding red.Featured in the Rhododendron Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Amelanchier laevis (Serviceberry) 2Aronia arbutifolia ‘Brillantissima’ (Red Chokeberry)Native! A deciduous shrub with white flowers in May. The bright red fruits ripen in late summer and persist into winter, providing food for overwintering birds. The glossy foliage turns brilliant red in auatumn. Chokeberry is both wet site and salt tolerant.Aronia melanocarpa ‘Viking’ (Black Chokeberry)Native! The glossy dark green leaves turn a striking red in fall. In spring, the white flowers are followed by large, purple-black fruits which are beloved by birds. Very adaptable to sites, tolerating wet and dry conditions. Best flower, fruit and fall color occurs in full sun. Grows to 6’ tall and slowly spreads to form a colony.Asimina triloba (Pawpaw)Native! A great native plant that has large, slightly drooping and very tropical appearing foliage. Produces small red flowers in late April and large edible fruits in late August into October that is highly nutritious and taste like a Mango with custard-like texture. Full sun, light shade, moist soils. The Zebra Swallowtail butterfly’s larvae feed exclusively on young, PawPaw foliage, but never in great numbers. Pawpaw fruit ripens during a four-week period between mid-August and into October, depending on various factors. When ripe, it is soft, yielding easily to a gentle squeeze with a pronounced mango fragrance. This year we are offering a number of improved selections. In order to get improved fruiting, it is important to have at least two different selections.Featured along the Freedom Trail and in the Community Youth Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Asimina triloba (Pawpaw) 2(Fruit shown.)Asimina triloba (Pawpaw) 3(October foliage shown.)Buddleja ‘Royal Red’ (Butterfly Bush)Red Butterfly Bush. Rich purple-red flowers. Mature height 6–8’ tall.Buddleja × Low and Behold ‘Blue Chip’’ (Butterfly Bush)An exciting new groundcover Buddleia with a low mounding habit to 3’ and an all summer display of blue, fragrant flowers without the need for deadheading.Buddleja Pugster® Blue (Dwarf Butterfly Bush)A truly dwarf Butterfly Bush, reaching 2’ tall with fragrant blue flowers from late spring through fall.Buddleja davidii ‘Lochinch’ (Butterfly Bush)Buddleja is a staple for every garden. Not only are the flowers wonderfully fragrant, but they also serve as a magnet for Butterflies! Lochinch has lavender-blue flowers atop silver foliage, growing to 8’. Best grown in full sun and well-drained soils.Buddleja davidii ‘Nanho Blue’ (Butterfly Bush)Long blue flowers and narrow silvery foliage. More compact habit. Mature height 4 5’ tall.Buxus sempervirens ‘Graham Blandy’ (Upright Box)If you are looking for a slow growing and deer resistant exclamation point in the garden, this is the plant! This plant produces a tight column of evergreen foliage to 9’ tall and 1’ wide in 20 years, if left unpruned. A fun form to work into a sunny or shady garden that has well drained soils.Featured in the Art Rudolph Sun and Shade Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Buxus × ‘Dee Runk’ (Boxwood)Are you looking for an upright growing, pyramidal plant with dark green, deer resistant and evergreen foliage for your garden? You have found the answer! Dee Runk will happily grow to 10’ in height, although it can be kept smaller with pruning. It performs well in sun or shade, in well-drained soils.Featured in the Sun and Shade Garden by the gazebo at Rutgers Gardens.Calycanthus floridus (Sweetshrub)Native! An enchanting native shrub that slowly develops into large thickets. The red flowers in June produce a fragrance similar to strawberries or apples! The glossy foliage in deer resistant, and turns and attractive yellow in the fall.Featured in the Shrub Garden and the Native Plant Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Calycanthus floridus (Sweetshrub) 2Calycanthus floridus ‘Hartlage Wine’ (Sweetshrub)Large burgundy flowers with more narrow glossy foliage. The flowers are typically produced through August.Calycanthus floridus ‘Hartlage Wine’ (Sweetshrub) 2Calycanthus floridus ‘Hartlage Wine’ (Sweetshrub) 3Calycanthus floridus ‘Michael Lindsey’ (Sweetshrub)Beautiful and lustrous deep green foliage serves as the backdrop for an extended display of large reddish flowers. The flowers are gorgeously scented!Calycanthus floridus var. purpureus ‘Burgundy Spice’ (Purple Leaf Sweetshrub)Deep, showy purple cast to the new growth, followed by consistent purple coloration on both the surface and undersides of the leaves throughout the summer! The fragrant flowers are the classic maroon-red and the fall color is yellow with shades of burgundy. Grows to 8’ tall by 6’ wide.Camellia japonica ‘April Blush’ (Camellia)Double, pale pink flowers are a welcomed sight in April. Foliage remains green throughout the winter. Great for the winter and early spring garden, appreciated partly shady, woodland-like settings.Camellia japonica ‘Hokkaido Red’ (Camellia)Camellias are evergreen plants for the shade garden, with this selection having been selected from seed collected in one of the most northerly parts of Japan. It has single, bright red flowers that bloom from February into May. The green foliage turns shades of deep purple throughout the winter. Great for the winter and early spring garden.Camellia japonica ‘Hokkaido Red’ (Camellia) 2Camellia japonica 'Kumasaka'An upright growing form that produces deep rose pink semi-double flowers in April and May. Hardy to zone 6 but needs protection from strong winter winds, and appreciates a shady location in the Garden.Carpinus betulus (European Hornbeam)Similar to our native Hornbeam (see Carpinus caroliniana), but it grows much larger in stature, reaching upwards of 25’ tall with a very attractive oval to round habit. Like the American Hornbeam, the stems have a very muscular and smooth appearance and the hop-like winged seeds add an ornamental detail for late spring into fall!Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam)Native! A tough and beautiful native tree which performs well in a wide variety of site conditions, including dry, wet, sun and shade! The 2-3” long hanging winged seed bracts add an interesting summer appeal and the fall color is an attractive orange to reddish purple. It can also be pruned to make a great hedge!Featured in the Small Tree Collection and Pollinator Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam) 2Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam) 3(Bark detail shown.)Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea)Native! A tough, adaptable shrub, growing to 4’ tall with attractive bluish-white to white fluffy flowers during the summer. The flowers have a lovely and very delicate fragrance. Thrives in dry, sunny locations and is sea shore tolerant.Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea) 2Cephalanthus occidentalis ‘Sugar Shack’ (Buttonbush)Rare! Native! This selection of our native plant was chosen for its large flower size and the long period over which it blooms. Flowers develop into pinkish-white balls that, with a little imagination, do indeed resemble a Sputnik! It is very tolerant of wet sites, although it will also enjoy normal garden soil.Cephalanthus occidentalis ‘Sugar Shack’ (Buttonbush) 2Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘Duke Gardens’ (Plum Yew)An attractive low growing form, that is more tolerant of sun than other Plum Yews. Originally found at Duke University, it is ideal for the small garden, since it only grows 3’ tall and 4’ wide! This is a very attractive new addition to the Plum Yew collection.Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘Fastigiata’ (Columnar Plum Yew)An upright growing plant that resembles the common yew or Taxus in respect to the leaves but it is deer resistant! The foliage is arranged radially around the stems, is about 2” in length, and is a dark waxy green. The plant grows to 8’ in height, 4’ width in full sun or light shade in soils that are well drained.Featured by the entrance to the Holly House at Rutgers Gardens.Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘Fastigiata’ (Columnar Plum Yew) 2Cercis canadensis (Red Bud)Native! Edible lavender flowers appear along the stems in early to mid-May. Native to the East Coast, Cercis is a small tree, growing to 20’ high and wide. Prefers full sun and well-drained soils.Featured in the Rain Garden and the Small Tree Collection at Rutgers Gardens.Cercis canadensis ‘Ace of Hearts’ (Redbud)A more compact form, only reaching 12’ tall with an attractive green, heart-shaped foliage. Produces magenta pink flowers in April or early May.Cercis canadensis ‘Alley Cat’ (Redbud)Rare! Another great Redbud for shade! The foliage is very attractively mottled with green and white. Still producing pink flowers in spring, it is another great plant for the shade.Cercis Canadensis ‘Appalachia’ (Redbud)Similar in form and foliage to the straight species, but the flowers open to a beautiful deep reddish purple. Good yellow fall color.Cercis Canadensis ‘Appalachia’ (Redbud) 2Cercis canadensis ‘Burgundy Hearts’ (Redbud)A unique form of Redbud, with deep red foliage in late spring and summer and pink flowers in spring. ‘Burgundy Hearts’ is appropriate as a backdrop for the mixed border or wherever a deep purple accent is needed.Cercis canadensis ‘Covey’ Lavender Twist™ (Redbud)Large heart shaped leaves adorn this very cool new weeping introduction. Growing to 8’ tall, this plant produces long hanging branches that look great hanging over a wall, or even trained as an espalier.Cercis canadensis ‘Ruby Falls’ (Redbud)Velvety purple foliage appears along pendulous branches, making this a wonderful backdrop plant for Orange flowers or it can be trained up on an arbor and allowed to drape down. Rosy purple flowers in April into May.Cercis canadensis ‘The Rising Sun' (Redbud)The lavender flowers are not the only show; it is the new foliage, which flushes an attractive color combination of apricot, chartreuse and green. As the foliage ages into the later parts of summer, it gradually turns to green. A great plant for illuminating a lightly shaded spot in the garden!Cercis canadensis ‘The Rising Sun' (Redbud) 2Cercis canadensis ‘Whitewater’ (Redbud)This redbud has amazing white flecks speckled throughout the foliage, which in turn appears on pendulous branches and gives the effect of whitewater rapids! The flowers are a purple-rose with yellow fall color.Cercis chinensis ‘Don Egolf’ (Chinese Redbud)The branches are absolutely covered with lavender-pink flowers in April with neat, heart-shaped foliage appearing along the branches. It bears less seed pods than other selections of Chinese Redbud, giving it a very clean appearance throughout the summer!Chionanthus retusus ‘Tokyo Tower’ (Chinese Fringe Tree)With all the benefits of the flowers and bark mentioned above, this form has an intriguing fastigiate or upright habit and is great for creating that exclamation mark in the garden! Grows to 12’ tall and 3’ wide.Chionanthus retusus ‘Tokyo Tower’ (Chinese Fringe Tree) 2Chionanthus virginicus (Fringe Tree)Native! The fringe tree sports fragrant white flowers in May with blue fruits in the fall in the female plants (the Fringe Tree is dioecious). The fall color is a magnificent yellow, and the plants will thrive in either sun or shade. Typically found as a large shrub in the wild, but can be easily trained into a smaller form.Chionanthus virginicus (Fringe Tree) 2Chionanthus virginicus (Fringe Tree) 3(Fruit shown in November.)Clethra alnifolia ’16 Candles’ (Summersweet Clethra)A great alternative groundcover for your garden. Only growing 18-24” tall, this selection is covered with fragrant white flowers from mid-June into July, with attractive, clear yellow fall color. Ideal for edging paths or patio areas, where the fragrance can be appreciated. Best flowering appears in full sun, although it will grow happily in light shade.Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ (Summersweet Clethra)An attractive groundcover solution for sun or shade! The plant grows 18-24” in height, with fragrant white flower spikes produced in July and yellow fall color in October.Featured in front of the Log Cabin at Rutgers Gardens.Clethra alnifolia ‘Ruby Spice’ (Summersweet Clethra)Native! A deciduous 6’ shrub growing best in moist soils in full sun, but it is tolerant of some shade and drier soils. The fragrant pink flower spikes appear in mid-July, adding great sensory appeal to the garden!Clethra alnifolia ‘Ruby Spice’ (Summersweet Clethra) 2Clethra alnifolia ‘Tom’s Compact’ (Compact Clethra)Native! Found in the wild by the nurseryman Tom Dilatush. This selection is a very neat and tidy plant that forms a dense shrub to 3’ high and wide. During late June into July the plant is covered by 3-4” long fragrant white flower spikes that are beloved by our native pollinators. Yellow fall color. Grows best in full sun, although it will perform well in light shade in well drained to moist soils.Clethra alnifolia ‘Tom’s Compact’ (Compact Clethra) 2Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood)Attractive white bracts on the beloved, classically beautiful native dogwood. Clusters of red berries loved by birds, and deep red foliage in fall.Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) 2Cornus alba ‘Baton Rouge’ (Red Stemmed Dogwood)This selection has wonderful winter stems that develop a deep red coloration in late fall which persists throughout the winter. This selection also has a much neater habit than most. Full sun to light shade in soils that are moist to well drained. A very adaptable and useful plant for extending seasonal interest through the winter, a season that is often forgotten in May. Cut the stems back on a yearly or alternate year basis, which will promote the growth of new stems which are the most colorful. Zone 3 hardy.Featured adjacent to the entrance kiosk at Rutgers Gardens.Cornus florida ‘Cherokee Brave’ (Flowering Dogwood)Producing true Ruby Red flowers and reddish new growth make this form a standout. Good resistance to mildew and to Anthracnose.Cornus kousa Scarlet Fire® (Scarlet Fire® Dogwood)New Rutgers Release! The first intensely red Chinese Dogwood available! The bracts are a deep crimson red and persist well into June. A vigorous grower, it has attractive red fruits in early fall, followed by scarlet fall color. A terrific dogwood that has great market appeal. Best grown in full sun or light shade.Cornus kousa Scarlet Fire® (Scarlet Fire® Dogwood) 2Cornus kousa ‘Wolf Eyes’ (Variegated Chinese Dogwood)White variegated foliage on a more shrub-like form of the Chinese dogwood; only grows to 10-12’ in height. Ideal for the shade, but it will also perform well in sunny locations.Featured in the Art Rudolph Memorial Sun and Shade Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Cornus kousa ‘Wolf Eyes’ (Variegated Chinese Dogwood) 2Cornus kousa ‘Wolf Eyes’ (Variegated Chinese Dogwood) 3(November foliage color shown.)Cornus × Celestial® (Celestial® Dogwood)A wonderful release from Rutgers, the hybrid produces copious amounts of showy white flowers in May and is sterile. The reddish purple fall foliage and great disease resistance makes it a superb introduction and a very worthy garden plant!Cornus officinalis ‘Kintoki’ (Japanese Cornel Dogwood)Has bright yellow flowers in March at least one to two weeks prior to the start of Forsythia blooms. This cultivar was selected for the cut flower industry in Japan! Flowers are followed by cherry red fruits in July that persist well into fall. Exfoliating bark provides interest for the winter months. Easily grown in full sun and average soils, but it is adaptable to dry shade. Can be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub or limbed up into a small tree, allowing the bark to be more easily seen.Cornus officinalis ‘Kintoki’ (Japanese Cornel Dogwood) 2Cornus officinalis ‘Kintoki’ (Japanese Cornel Dogwood) 3Corylopsis pauciflora (Winterhazel)Attractive flowers appear on pendulous flowers stalks in late March or April. The plant has an attractive vase shaped habit, growing to 8+’ in height. Prefers some shade, but will tolerate sun with ease if soil in amended with organic matter. A very delicate looking plant and good yellow fall color.Corylopsis veitchiana (Winterhazel)Similar to the above, but the plant has a larger stature, growing to 10–12’ in height and it produces larger yellow flowers in March. A great plant for early spring pizzazz!Cotinus coggygria ‘Black Velvet’ (Purple Smokebush)Extremely dark purple foliage from May to October for the back of the perennial or shrub border. Will grow to 12’ and produce puffy smoke-like flowers in June! Can also be treated as a cutback or stooled shrub that is pruned to 12” each spring, whereby it responds by growing to 8’; it will not bloom when stooled, (it produces flowers on second year wood), but it will continue to produce very dark foliage throughout the season. If not treated as a cutback shrub, the plant will have light pink flowers that look great against the purple foliage. Best color in full sun, well-drained soils.Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’ (Purple Smokebush)Bright purple foliage make this a startling backdrop plant for the mixed border, or a specimen for the shrub border. Great in masses with the best foliage color in the full sun. Height of 12’, or if treated as a cutback, 8’. Has light pink flowers if not cut back annually.Featured as a cutback plant in the Otken’s Memorial Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’ (Purple Smokebush) 2Cotinus obovatus (American Smoketree)Native! Slowly growing to 25’ tall, this large shrub has the typical smoke like flowers of CotinusM in July, but it has spectacular yellow red purple fall foliage that is magnificent. Plant in full sun and well drained to poor soils. A very tough plant!Cotinus × ‘Grace’A cross or Cotinus obovatus and C. coggygria, this selection sports great dark purple foliage with pink flowers. The fall color is a very attractive reddish purple (shown). A knockout! Mature height of 20’+, although it can be cut back hard in late winter and allowed to grow more like a shrub. (Shown in fall color.)Cryptomeria japonica ‘Black Dragon’ (Japanese Cedar)The dark, black-green evergreen foliage provides a fascinating irregular texture for this upright growing plant. Ultimate height is 12’ tall by 4’ wide!Cryptomeria japonica ‘Globosa Nana’ (Dwarf Japanese Cedar)Best grown in full sun, although it is surprisingly tolerant of light shade, this dwarf form of Japanese Cedar slowly grows to 5’x5’ after 40+ years! Great to add into the mixed border for that evergreen accent or used in mass as a dwarf hedge. Winter foliage assumes a more purple appearance.Cytissus scoparius (Scotch Broom)An arching shrub for the dry, sandy and infertile soil in full sun. Yellow flowers appear in May into June. To a height of 5-6’.Davidia involucrata ‘Sonoma’ (Dove Tree)Typically growing to 20-30’ in height, the select form is unique for two important features: it blooms at a very young age, often at only two years from being grafted while seedlings often take 20 years to bloom, and the flowers are more than twice the normal size. As the plant ages, the bark assumes a very attractive orange coloration. Prefers light shade but tolerates sun in moist, well-drained soils.Davidia involucrata ‘Sonoma’ (Dove Tree) 2Deutzia gracilis ‘Nikko’ (Dwarf Slender Deutzia)A winner of a groundcover! Growing to 24-30”, it produces copious amounts of white flowers in May with attractive green foliage in the summer followed by burgundy fall colors. Works well as a weed suppressing groundcover. Best grown in organic rich and well-drained soils that receive some protection from the hot, mid-afternoon sun. Zone 4 hardy.Deutzia gracilis Yuki Cherry Blossom® (Slender Deutzia)Yuki Cherry Blossom® is a new introduction featuring soft pink flowers on gracefully arching stems in April into May. The fall color of the foliage transitions from the summer green to a bronzy purple. Growing to 2’ tall and 3’, this selection grows best in organic rich soil in full sun or light shade. Zone 5.Deutzia × rosea ‘Nikko Blush’ (Slender Deutzia)A long sought after plant by gardeners, this introduction from the National Arboretum features bright pink buds opening in late April/early May to abundant soft pink flowers on low growing arching stems. Like its cousin above, it makes a great groundcover and looks great growing over and down a wall. In sunny locations, it also has wonderful burgundy fall color! Zone 5 hardy.Diervilla lonicera Copper (Northern Bush Honeysuckle)A wonderful groundcover that most gardeners have yet to discover! Native to Eastern US, the plants produce myriad small yellow flowers, to 2” long in mid-summer that are much beloved by native pollinators. The new foliage is copper colored, with bronze and red fall color. Tolerant of dry shady or full sun conditions, and the fall color is a very attractive purple. Easy to grow and tough! Hardy to zone 3.Diervilla lonicera Copper (Northern Bush Honeysuckle) 2Diospyros virginiana (Persimmon)A tough native tree that grows happily in a great variety of conditions, although it is often not noticed until the fruit ripens in the fall. The fragrant small white flowers of the female trees produce showy 1” diameter fruits that are very palatable after the first frosts. Wildlife love them and the early settlers depended on them for fall puddings, cakes and jams. The fall color is yellow with occasional shades of orange and purple. Hardy to zone 4, they will grow to 40’ tall by 30’ wide.Enkianthus campanulatus (Redvein Enkianthus)Red-veined white flowers appear in May. It is a beautiful addition for the woodland garden.Enkianthus campanulatus ‘Princeton Red Bells’ (Redvein Enkianthus)A selection of Enkianthus with pronounced and very showy red flowers in May. It is a beautiful addition for the woodland garden.A similar, red flowering form, planted in the 1940’s is featured in the Rhododendron Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Enkianthus campanulatus ‘Showy Lantern’ (Redvein Enkianthus)Slowly growing to 8-10’ tall, this Rhododendron relative produces attractive red bell-shaped flowers in May, followed be great deep red and burgundy fall color. Will tolerate full sun if soil is excessively droughty, otherwise light shade and evenly moist soils.Enkianthus cernus ‘Ruben’ (Redvein Enkianthus)A slower growing form of Enkianthus with beautiful red bell shaped flowers and burgundy red fall color. It is best for the shade garden.Fagus sylvatica (European Beech)One of the grand patriarchs of shade trees. Growing to 60’ tall and 40’ across, the clean and glossy foliage adds a distinctly elegant touch to the landscape. As the plants age, the smooth gray bark begins to wrinkle near branches and looks for all the world like the skin of an elephant. Best in full sun, but will tolerate light shade. Zone 5. (Bark detail shown.)Fothergilla gardenii (Dwarf Fothergilla)Native! Growing along the coastline of the SE United States, this selection grows to 4-5’ in height. In May the plant produces 1 ½” long fragrant white bottlebrush shaped flowers, which is followed by deep, blue green foliage in the summer transitioning to a saturnalia of orange, red and yellow fall color. Grow in full sun to light shade in soils that are moist or humus enriched.Fothergilla gardenii ‘Suzanne’ (Dwarf Fothergilla)Similar to the species Fothergilla gardenii, but it is more compact growing and only reaches 3’ tall.Fothergilla major ‘Blue Shadow’ (Large Fothergilla)A recent introduction, this form has honey-scented flowers that are followed by dusty blue foliage. The fall color is a beautiful combination of yellow, orange and red. A great plant for combining with perennials such as Perovskia (Russian Sage) and Nepeta (Catmint).Featured in the Chroma beds at Rutgers Gardens.Fothergilla major ‘Blue Shadow’ (Large Fothergilla) 2(November foliage color shown.)Fothergilla major ‘Mt. Airy’ (Large Fothergilla)Native! Another underused native shrub with multiple seasons of interest. Growing to 6’ tall, it produces 2” long white bottlebrush flowers in May that are sweetly scented. The summer foliage is a great deep blue-green, and the fall color (shown) is a flash of orange, yellow and reds. Full sun if the soil remains moist, otherwise light shade.Franklinia alatamaha (Benjamin Franklin Tree)Was native! A tree of great heritage! Named after one of the founding fathers, this tree was originally found growing in Georgia in the late 1700’s. It has since become extinct in the wild, but due to the foresight of John Bertram, the gentleman that found and collected the plant, we now have the plant to sell! Beautiful white flowers appear in July and August, which is followed by great red fall color. Good in the full sun or part shade, it grows best in soil that is rich in organic matter, but is well drained.One of the original plants is in the Shrub Garden at Rutgers Gardens; it was installed in 1939!Franklinia alatamaha (Benjamin Franklin Tree) 2Franklinia alatamaha (Benjamin Franklin Tree) 3(October foliage color shown.)Halesia caroliniana ‘Jersey Bell’ (Carolina Silverbell)Native! A native understory tree that can reach heights of 30’ tall. Selected by Princeton Nurseries, this form has particularly large, white bell-shaped flowers dangle from the stems in abundance during mid to late April. Although native to shady sites, it grows very well in full sun. Yellow fall color. Well-drained soils. Hardy to zone 5.Planted in the Small Tree Collection at Rutgers Gardens.Hamamelis × intermedia ‘Jelena’ (Chinese Witchhazel)The flowers transition from orange at the tips to red at the base. One of the consistently showy forms for a February flower display, growing to 12’ tall and wide. The flowers also have great fragrance.Hamamelis × intermedia ‘Jelena’ (Chinese Witchhazel) 2(Shown in February.)Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark Witchhazel)Native Witchhazel with orange, strap-like flowers appearing along the naked stems in late February through March. Best flowering is in full sun or light shade, the plants will gradually grow to 15-18’ tall with an equal width. Zone 4 hardy.Hamamelis vernalis var. purpurea (Purple Ozark Witchhazel)An interesting variety of our native Witchhazel, with purple, strap-like flowers appearing along the naked stems in late February through March. Best flowering is in full sun or light shade, the plants will gradually grow to 15-18’ tall with an equal width. Zone 4 hardy.Hamamelis vernalis var. purpurea (Purple Ozark Witchhazel) 2(November foliage color shown.)Heptacodium miconioides (Seven-Son Flower)A rarely seen summer blooming shrub, this plant produces fragrant white flowers in August that are replaced by showy red bracts in September. During winter, the bark light brown and silver exfoliates in long strips, adding great winter drama. A Pennsylvania Horticultural Society winner, this plant can be grown either as a large shrub or limbed up into a small tree, allowing the bark to be seen at its best. Provide full sun, well drained to poor soils, hardy to zone 4!Featured at the entrance to the Otkens’ Memorial Garden in Rutgers Gardens.Heptacodium miconioides (Seven-Son Flower) 2Heptacodium miconioides (Seven-Son Flower) 3(October view.)Heptacodium miconioides (Seven-Son Flower) 4(October view—close-up of the ornamental red calyces.)Hydrangea arborescens ‘Annabelle’ (Smooth Hydrangea)Native! Growing to 5’ in moist and fertile soils, Annabelle produces large white flowers in June and July. Prefers shade, but can easily be grown in sun in soil that is amended with humus. The plants bloom on new wood, so it can be cut to the ground during the winter months. It is featured in the Otken Memorial Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Featured in the Otken Memorial Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Hydrangea arborescens ‘Annabelle’ (Smooth Hydrangea) 2Hydrangea arborescens ‘Haas Halo’ (Smooth Hydrangea)Native! Selected by Rick Ray at Delaware Valley University, this selection has very large white, Lace Cap flowers. Care is identical to Annabelle.Hydrangea arborescens ‘Incrediball Blush’ (Smooth Hydrangea)Native! The latest and greatest pink flowering form of our native Hydrangea. Strong stems support large, soft pink domes of flowers from June into July.Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Bloomstruck’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea)This compact, re-blooming Hydrangea has dark-green, glossy foliage with exquisite, rose or blue, small, double flowers cover the plant from spring to fall! Mature height of 3’ tall.Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Blushing Bride’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea)Blooming on new wood, this selection from our native Hydrangea offers 12” spherical white flowers in June and July, which slowly fade to green and then tan by September. Can be cut to the ground in winter. Best in light shade, it will tolerate full sun with adequate moisture or high soil organic content.Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Endless summer’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea)Blooms all summer on old and new wood with blue or pink Hortensia (mophead) flowers. A great new introduction!Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Dancing Snow’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea)This new selection from Ball Ornamentals is a double-flowered, lacecap cultivar that grows to 2-3’ tall and to 3-5’ wide. It is also a rebloomer and has shown better than average winter hardiness.Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Nikko Blue’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea)A wonderful, old fashioned and well regarded form of the Large Leaf Hydrangeas! Referred to as a member of the ‘Hortensia’ Hydrangeas, the flowers are mostly all sterile florets, producing large, balloon-like flowers. The flowers progress from white with a blue blush as they open to an attractive solid blue for the remainder of the summer. Grows to 4’ tall and wide.Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Nikko Blue’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) 2Hydrangea paniculata ‘Bobo (Hydrangea)This newly introduced selection produce large cones of densely arranged white florets on short sturdy stems that only reach 2-3’ tall and 3-4’ wide. This is a great plant for adding to the mixed border as its smaller stature allows it to blend nicely with perennials. Come August, the flowers transition from white to rose-pink, which persists well into autumn.Hydrangea paniculata ‘Bobo (Hydrangea) 2Hydrangea paniculata Fire Light® (Hydrangea)Large cones of white flowers appear in late June, which rapidly change to pink and finally red come August. Growing to 6-8’ tall, the ever changing color of the blooms provides a wonderful garden compliment to perennials and shrubs in the mixed border. It is also a great plant for cut flowers!Hydrangea paniculata ‘Limelight’ (Hydrangea)The cone shaped flower clusters emerge lime-green in color, then fade to white and finally to pink in autumn. A wonderful plant for adding summer through autumn garden interest and it looks great planted in combination with Eupatorium purpureum (Joe-Pye Weed). Full sun to light shade is ideal, with soils that do not become excessively dry in summer.Hydrangea paniculata ‘Limelight’ (Hydrangea) 2Hydrangea paniculata Little Lime® (Hydrangea)As with its larger cousin described above, the florets in the dense panicles emerge lime-green, before fading to white and finally to pink come autumn. A wonderful plant for adding summer through autumn interest to the garden and it looks great planted in combination with Eupatorium purpureum, the Joe-Pye Weed. Full sun to light shade is ideal, with soils that do not become excessively dry in summer.Hydrangea paniculata Little Lime® (Hydrangea) 2(July color)Hydrangea paniculata Little Quick Fire® (Hydrangea)This selection produces panicles of white flowers in July that quickly transition to a dusky pink in early August. Plants have a globose habit with plants reaching 4-6’ tall and wide.Hydrangea paniculata Little Quick Fire® (Hydrangea) 2Hydrangea paniculata Strawberry Sundae® (Hydrangea)This selection produces panicles of white flowers in July that quickly transition to a bright strawberry pink, starting at the bottom of the panicle and slowly transitioning to the top. Initially the effect looks like strawberry ice cream with whipped cream on top! Plants have an upright habit with plants reaching 4-5’ tall and 3-4’ wide.Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snowflake’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea)Huge white (12”+)double flowers that look like enormous snow cones! Great for sun or shade, the plants also produce great burgundy and orange fall color and have exfoliating bark for the winter. Growing to 10’ (but can be kept shorter), native to the SE United States.Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snowflake’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea) 2Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snow Queen’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea)Similar to the above, but the plant matures to 8’ tall without pruning. Showy white panicles that stand upright followed by burgundy fall color and the cinnamon exfoliating bark for winter.Featured in the Art Rudolph Sun and Shade Garden and at Rutgers Gardens.Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snow Queen’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea) 2(Fall foliage color shown.)Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Amethyst’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea)This form has upright white panicles of flowers that age to a gorgeous wine-red, retaining this color even when used as a cut flower! The fall color is great bonus, as the green foliage turns to a lovely burgundy-red. A Michael Dirr introduction, growing to 6’ tall and 5’ wide.Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Pee Wee’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea)This form is unique in that it is smaller, with a height of only 3’. Clean white flowers in mid-summer with burgundy red fall color.Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Ruby Slippers’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea)An incredible new introduction form the National Arboretum. It produces gorgeous 9” long flowers clusters that open white and quickly turn to pink before deepening to a dark rosy pink by summers end. Scarlet shades of fall color and the exfoliating cinnamon bark make this a great, multi-seasonal plant. Also nice for the residential garden, since it matures to a more compact height of 4’!Hydrangea serrata ‘Blue Billow’ (Sawtooth Hydrangea)A Lacecap Hydrangea, with good flower bud hardiness for the central NJ. Flowers are typically blue, and the shrub grows to 3-4 feet in height.Hydrangea serrata ‘Blue Billow’ (Sawtooth Hydrangea) 2Hydrangea serrata ‘Bluebird’ (Sawtooth Hydrangea)A very winter hardy form with large, blue lace cap flowers. Looks great mixed with silver foliaged plants. Mature height of 3’.Hydrangea serrata ‘Bluebird’ (Sawtooth Hydrangea) 2Ilex crenata ‘Sky Pencil’ (Japanese Holly)A very slender growing form of Japanese Holly, growing to 6’ tall and 1’ wide. An ideal candidate to plant as a narrow hedge. Evergreen foliage, full sun to light shade, average garden soil.Ilex opaca ‘Dan Fenton’ (American Holly)Native! Although possessing a male name, this is an outstanding selection of our native American Holly. The dark green foliage is the backdrop for a consistently heavy crop of dark red fruits. Excellent pyramidal form.Featured in the Holly Collection behind Holly House at Rutgers Gardens.Ilex × ‘Red Beauty’ (Hybrid Holly)The newest Holly introduction from Elwin Orton at Rutgers! Growing to 12’ tall, but can be kept lower, the plant produces a thick mass of dark green foliage with attractive red fruit in the fall. It has proven to be Deer Resistant at Rutgers GardensIllicium × ‘Woodland Ruby’ (Anise)A dense evergreen shrub with long, glossy, aromatic dark-green leaves and purple-red star-shaped flowers that appear over an extended period. With a mature height 6 8’ tall it is ideal for the shaded garden that receives protection from winter winds. Deer resistant!Indigofera amblyantha (Indigo)Rare! The true indigo originally used in indigo dyes. Grows successfully in sun or shade, although more profuse flowering occurs in the sun. The plants grow to 5’ in height, and are covered with pink flowers all summer long. This plant constantly garners questions from visitors to Rutgers Gardens and can be cut to the ground in mid-winter to produce a fuller habit.Featured in the Otken Memorial Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Indigofera amblyantha (Indigo) 2Indigofera gerardiana (Indigo)Rare! Although this indigo only grows to 3’, the pink flower spikes are produced from June to frost. At the Gardens, we have combined it with the Drumstick Allium (Allium sphaerocephalon), which produces reddish-purple flowers in late June and the effect has been quite stunning. Great in the mixed border or as a container plant! The delicate foliage is also an attractive gray green. Hardy to zone 5.Itea virginica ‘Henry’s Garnet’ (Virginia Sweetspire)Native! If you have not discovered or used this plant in the garden as of yet, this is a very rewarding shrub! The arching stems grow to 3-4’ tall in the sun and 4-5’ tall in light shade, with the tips yielding long pendulous racemes of sweetly fragrant white flowers in July. In autumn, the foliage turns a great burgundy red, which lasts until mid-December. In winter, the young stems are also burgundy red in color. A multi-season plant! Full sun to light shade, best in moister soils, but will tolerate drought for short periods. The species is native from southern New Jersey to Florida.Featured in the Shrub Collection and the Rain Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Itea virginica ‘Henry’s Garnet’ (Virginia Sweetspire) 2Itea virginica ‘Henry’s Garnet’ (Virginia Sweetspire) 3(October foliage color shown.)Lagerstroemia × ‘Berry Dazzle’ (Dwarf Crape Myrtle)This miniature produces deep burgundy-red foliage in spring, which is topped by trusses of, bright fuchsia purple blooms in mid-summer. Plant only grows to 4-5’ tall! Foliage is mildew resistant. Best in full sun and well-drained soils.Lagerstroemia × ‘Cherry Dazzle’ (Crape Myrtle)Part of the “Razzle Dazzle” Dwarf Crape Myrtle Series, this dwarf has orange-red new growth and burgundy fall color. Beautiful red flowers during the summer. Mature height 3’. Ideal for adding to the mixed border!Lagerstroemia × ‘Natchez’ (Crape Myrtle)Growing to 20’, this winner from Dr. Don Egolf and the National Arboretum sports white flowers and some of the most gorgeous cinnamon and brown exfoliating bark that you may have ever seen!Featured in the front beds at the Donald B. Lacy Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Lagerstroemia × ‘Natchez’ (Crape Myrtle) 2Lagerstroemia × ‘Natchez’ (Crape Myrtle) 3(Bark detail shown.)Lagerstroemia × ‘Natchez’ (Crape Myrtle) 4(Fall color shown.)Lindera glauca var. salicifolia (Spicebush)Rare! Truly a spectacular foliage plant! The leathery narrow green leaves turn a spectacular saturnalia of colors come fall, including orange, red and purple come the fall (shown). Leaves subsequently turn tan and remain affixed to the plant until the spring, when they drop just prior to the small yellow flowers of April. Will grow to 16’ tall, but can easily be maintained as a hedge at 4-6’.Featured next to the Donald B. Lacey Annual Garden and at Holly House in Rutgers Gardens. (Early November foliage shown.)Lindera glauca var. salicifolia (Spicebush) 2(November foliage shown)Lindera glauca var. salicifolia (Spicebush) 3(January)Magnolia grandiflora ‘Brackens Brown Beauty’ (Southern Magnolia)Do you like flowers that have wonderfully sweet fragrance? Appearing in June and July, the white flowers add much to the early summer garden, both for visual and olfactory satisfaction. This plant selection is perfectly hardy in NJ, and grows to 25-30’ in height. The leaves are dependably evergreen, but it should receive some protection from winter winds. Is shade tolerant and is a P.H.S. (Pennsylvania Horticultural Society) Gold Medal plant.Featured in the Small Tree Collection at Rutgers Gardens.Magnolia virginiana Moonglow® (Sweetbay Magnolia)Growing rapidly to 15’, and ultimately to 25’, this introduction of our native Magnolia boasts fragrant white flowers in late May through June and partially evergreen foliage! Full sun to light shade, it will grow best in moist soils, but will tolerate drought. Hardy to zone 4.Magnolia virginiana Moonglow® (Sweetbay Magnolia) 2Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grape Holly)A North American west coast native, Oregon Grape produces attractive and fragrant flowers from mid-April into early May. The flowers are followed by purple fruits that strongly resemble grapes and also inspired the common name! In winter, the foliage darkens to a deep green with some of the leaves turning brilliant red. Place the plant in site that is protected from winter winds and harsh afternoon sun. Average to well-drained soils, Zone 6 hardy.Mahonia japonica (Chinese Mahonia)Fragrant deep yellow flowers appear on the tips of the stems in April into May, followed by finely cut and attractive, dark evergreen foliage. Robbins Egg blue fruits follow in June. Best in light shade in a site protected from the winter winds.Located in Asian Hillside Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Mahonia repens (Creeping Mahonia)A groundcover form of Mahonia that is native to the West Coast. The evergreen leaves are a bluish-green in summer, changing to a bronzy-purple in winter. In spring, it has short, upright racemes of bright yellow flowers, followed by a very dark blue, grape-like fruit. Grows best in shady sites which are well drained. Best grown in gardens that are a zone 6.Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood)An interesting plant with a really cool history. It was thought to be extinct and was known only as a fossil up until the early 1940’s when it was found growing in China. It has glossy, fern-like foliage that turns shades of orange in the fall and is very striking. The bark is also a dark orange and the base of the tree becomes large and buttressed. The area beneath the branches develops deep sinuses, giving the plant a very mystical, almost fairy-like appearance. A fast growing plant, it tolerates dry soils, but was found growing in China next to streams and rice fields. Full sun is ideal.Featured in the Rhododendron Garden and adjacent to the Community Youth Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood) 2Musa basjoo (Hardy Banana)A great plant for foliage and texture in the Garden. The leaves are up to 3’ long and 10” wide. Talk about creating that tropical appearance! Plants will grow to 12’ tall. It is hardy in central NJ if it is heavily mulched for the winter and should be planted where it receives protection from strong winds that will damage the foliage. Plants have proven to be deer resistant at Rutgers Gardens.Featured in the Monocot Garden next to the Sun and Shade Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Nandina domestica ‘Harbour Belle’ (Dwarf Heavenly Bamboo)A compact growing form of Nandina that reaches 2’ tall by 3’ across. The lacey green foliage turns deep red come winter and remains throughout the winter. Small white flowers develop red fruits that persist throughout the winter. Best grown in light shade in a site protected from wind. Hardy to Zone 6.Nandina domestica ‘Moon Bay’ (Dwarf Heavenly Bamboo)A dense growing form that reaches 3’ tall and wide. The foliage turns deep red in winter, and the small white flowers of summer transition into red fruits in winter. Best planted where it gets some protection from afternoon sun and winter winds. Hardy to Zone 6.Nyssa sylvatica ‘Wildfire’ (Black Tupelo)Rare and Native! A tremendous accent plant in the fall, with the attractive, glossy green foliage turning to a brilliant red (shown), which will outcompete any other tree that I can think of for a spectacular display. Is also wet site and salt tolerant. (November foliage shown.)Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Goshiki’ (Holly Tea Olive)A great evergreen plant, with green and white mottled holly-like foliagea very striking variegation! Growing to 5-6’ tall, it can easily by kept smaller (2-3’) and the cut branches look great in Holiday arrangements. The foliage has proven to be deer resistant evergreen this is a great subtle feature plant for the garden or can even perform as a hedge. Full sun to light shade, in soils that are well drained. Did we mention deer resistant!Featured in the Otken’s Memorial Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Goshiki’ (Holly Tea Olive) 2Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Gulftide’ (Holly Tea Olive)A hardy and upright growing form of Osmanthus; this is a great evergreen for a narrow hedge in full sun to light shade. Once the plant is mature (6-8 years) the plant becomes cloaked with small white flowers in late October into November that are heavenly sweet! Full sun to light shade in soils that are well drained. Deer resistant!Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Gulftide’ (Holly Tea Olive) 2Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Sasaba’ (Holly Tea Olive)Dramatic dark green deeply cut leaves on a compact, shade loving plant. Once again, it is deer resistant and has those unique flowers in late October, which are wonderfully fragrant! Slower growing, only reaching 6’ tall and 4’ wide.Located in the Asian Hillside Gardens at Rutgers Gardens.Oxydendrum arboreum (Sourwood)Native! Oxydendrum is a small tree that sports very attractive white urn-shaped flowers on 4-10” long drooping racemes in late June/early July. The flowers are much beloved by Honeybees and other native pollinators. In fall, the foliage turns a rich lustrous red. Best grown in full sun and well-drained soils.Featured in the Small Tree Collection at Rutgers Gardens.Oxydendrum arboreum (Sourwood) 2Oxydendrum arboreum (Sourwood) 3Oxydendrum arboreum (Sourwood) 4Philadelphus ‘Snowbelle’ (Mock Orange)Most Mock Orange plants become tall and rangy. The selection matures to 3-4’ tall, making it an excellent addition to the garden. The white flowers are large, double and very fragrant, adding great interest to the late spring and early summer garden. Plant in full sun to light shade, in average garden soil.Parrotia subaequalis (Chineses Parrotia)Very Rare! A large shrub or small tree which is highly endangered in it Chinese habitats. The fall color is very spectacular, appearing in shades of red, pink and burgundy (shown)! The bark is very showy, exfoliating in large patches with age. Grows best in full sun or light shade and is hardy to zone 6, it will mature to 25’ in height and 15’ in width. (November foliage shown.)Physocarpus opulifolius Coppertina™ (Copper-leaf Ninebark)A selection of our native Ninebark. Although tolerant of shade, Coppertina is best grown in full sun to develop its rich and very attractive copper-colored foliage. Can be treated as a cut back shrub, which will allow the stems and accompanying new foliage to continue to grow well into the summer where it can provide backdrop foliage for various perennials. If it is allowed to grow, it will produce an arching shrub of 6’ with attractive pink flowers in May. Good red fall color. Well-drained soils.Featured in the Mixed Borders in the DBL Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Physocarpus opulifolius Coppertina™ (Copper-leaf Ninebark) 2(November foliage shown.)Physocarpus opulifolius Summer Wine™ (Summer Wine Ninebark)Pinkish white button-like flowers in June over a compact habit and bright bronze purple foliage. As with Coppertina™, it too can be treated as a cut back plant. It also has a marvelous reddish-purple fall color. What is not to like!Physocarpus opulifolius Summer Wine™ (Summer Wine Ninebark) 2(Bark detail shown).Poliothyrsis sinensis (Chinese Pearlbloom)Rare! Originally brought to the US from China by the famed plant explorer E. H. Wilson, this small tree has wonderful ivory colored flowers appearing in pyramidal clusters in late summer. The effect is very similar to an August blooming Lilac! The tree is visible in the image below at the Scott Arboretum, where it is growing up above the Visitor Center. The fall color is an attractive yellow. Full sun to light shade in average to well-drained soils. Matures to 40’ tall with a spread of 25’ and is hardy to zone 6.Poliothyrsis sinensis (Chinese Pearlbloom) 2Poncirus trifoliata ‘Flying Dragon’ (Hardy Orange)A very unusual and architectural plant! The green stems are twisted and curled, with the prominent spines also recurved, making it a plant of much interest throughout the winter. Fragrant white flowers appear in May, followed by orange fruits in autumn that nicely compliment the yellow and orange fall color.Featured in the Chroma Gardens at Rutgers Gardens.Poncirus trifoliata ‘Flying Dragon’ (Hardy Orange) 2Rhododendron ‘Weston’s Lemon Drop’ (Azalea)An important plant to add to the Garden for mid-July color! The flowers are pink in bud, opening to a clean yellow with the subtle fragrance of lemon! Even during the mid-summer heat, the flower will put on a show for two weeks. Hardy to zone 3, late blooming Azaleas are an important part of extending a Gardens interest!Rhododendron ‘Weston’s Lemon Drop’ (Azalea) 2Rhododendron prunifolium (Plumleaf Azalea)Red to orange flowers in July and August make this a great addition for brightening up the summer garden. Native to the Piedmont region of the US, these shade-loving plants are hardy to zone 4 and eventually will reach upwards of 10’ in height.Featured in the Rhododendron Garden and by the log cabin parking lot at Rutgers Gardens.Rhododendron prunifolium (Plumleaf Azalea) 2Rhododendron schlippenbachii (Royal Azalea)One of the monarchs of the deciduous Rhododendrons. Growing to 6-8’ tall, the fragrant rose pink flowers appear in mid to late April. Best in light shade, in humus rich soils that are well drained. A very delicate and attractive plant for the garden.Rhododendron yakushimanum (Yak Rhododendron)Yak Rhododendron is a phenomenal Rhododendron for both the flower and the foliage. Unlike most Rhododendrons, which have a smooth or glabrous leaf on both sides, the underside of R. yak is covered with satiny smooth pubescence, making it nearly impossible to walk past with enjoying the tactile sensation! The flowers appear in May and are white with a light pink blush. Partial shade with acidic, well drained soils are ideal.Rhododendron yakushimanum (Yak Rhododendron) 2Rhododendron yakushimanum (Yak Rhododendron) 3Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ (Compact Fragrant Sumac)Growing to 3-4’ tall, this plant gets great red and orange fall colors. Very drought tolerant, full sun is best.Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ (Compact Fragrant Sumac) 2Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ (Compact Fragrant Sumac) 3Rhus glabra ‘Laciniata’ (Cutleaf Smooth Sumac)Native! The glossy, dark green foliage is finely dissected and provides a wonderfully lacy appearance for the garden. The central midrib remains an attractive red throughout the season and serves as a precursor to the orange and red fall color. The plant has a suckering habit and is very tolerant of poor, dry soils. Best fall color appears in full sun!Rhus typhina ‘Laciniata’ (Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac)Native! Lacy green leaves arise from attractively fuzzy steams, which loosely resemble the fuzzy antlers of a deer in late summer! The bright red flower "cones" appear in late summer and add interest both in summer and well into winter. The seeds are also a favorite for many bird species! Come fall, the foliage turns to a brilliant rainbow of reds and oranges, along with some yellows. A great native plant that thrives in poor, dry soils.Featured in the plantings by the Log Cabin at Rutgers GardensRhus typhina ‘Laciniata’ (Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac) 2(Winter view.)Rhus typhina ‘Laciniata’ (Cutleaf Staghorn Sumac)(Fall foliage view.)Rhus typhina ‘Tiger Eyes’ (Staghorn Sumac)The cut-leaf foliage is remarkable for its chartreuse and yellow coloring, which when paired with the red stems provides an awesome color combination. In autumn, the foliage turns brilliant red. Good in the mixed border or the shrub border, this plant prefers full sun to light shade, with well-drained soils.Rhus typhina ‘Tiger Eyes’ (Staghorn Sumac) 2Rosa ‘Carefree Celebration’ (Shrub Rose)This is a tall, upright growing shrub rose that offers superior disease resistance. Flowers range from orange, orange-red and peach. It flowers on new wood, making late winter the ideal time for pruning and shaping.Rosa 'Red Knockout' August (2)Salix alba ‘Britzensis’ (Coral Bark Willow)A beautiful shrub for the Winter Garden! Starting in November, the young stems turn red to orange and truly “glow” during the winter months. Provide full sun and soils that are average to moist. Cut the plant back to 10-12” in spring and it will grow back to 6’ that year, providing 6’ glowing stems the following winter. A great plant for containers!Salix alba ‘Britzensis’ (Coral Bark Willow) 2(Coloration in March shown.)Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis (Dwarf Sweetbox) 2(Shown in January.)Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis (Dwarf Sweetbox)An evergreen groundcover (18” tall) that receives its name from the extremely fragrant small white flowers that adorn the plant in March. The fragrance is almost intoxicating! A P.H.S. gold medal winner, this plant grows best in a shady and well drained location.Featured in the Art Rudolph Sun and Shade Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Sciadopytis verticillata Smith College July (1)Sciadopitys verticillata (Umbrella Pine)Rare! A very unusual evergreen tree. The needles are arranged in whorls at the end of the branches, such that they look like the spokes of an umbrella when viewed from the tip! The needles are glossy and almost look like plastic. Best grown in full sun or light shade, reaches 30’ in ht and 15’ in width.Sorbaria sorbifolia ‘Sem’ (Falsespirea)Rare! A suckering shrub that forms colonies of 6-8’ stems. ‘Sem’ is unique in that the deer resistant foliage is orange red when emerging, turning to yellow and finally green by mid-summer. White flowers, resembling those of Astilbe are produced in June into July when the foliage has turned green. A great plant for those looking for a tall shrub for spring and early summer interest in the the shrub border. Full sun or part shade and very adaptable as to soils, as long as they are not water logged.Spirea thunbergii ‘Ogon’ (Spirea)Growing to 3’ tall and wide, this plant sports narrow willow-like yellow foliage throughout the summer months, making it a great addition for the shrub or mixed border. White flowers appear in May, while the fall color is bronze.Spirea thunbergii ‘Ogon’ (Spirea) 2Stephanandra incisa ‘Crispa’ (Cutleaf Stephanandra)A fast growing and tough groundcover plant with Maple-like leaves that emerge bronze and gradually turn green with age. The stems are an attractive dark pink in color and it is ideal for massing and planting on difficult to maintain banks. Grows equally well in sun or shade and is deer resistant!Featured in the Shrub Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Stephanandra incisa ‘Crispa’ (Cutleaf Stephanandra) 2Stewartia koreana (Korean Stewartia)This tree has proven to be a great year round plant with white Camellia-like flowers in July and August, with great red fall color in October. In winter, the bark exfoliates revealing great pink and cream inner bark. Full sun to light shade, in moist to well drained soils. Does not like soils that are boggy, but will withstand periodic flooding. Grows slowly to 30’.Featured in the Small Tree Collection at Rutgers Gardens.Stewartia pseudocamellia (Japanese Stewartia)A nice small tree and similar to the above, but only maturing to 20’. The bark on Japanese Stewartia has more pink overtones than its Korean cousin. Culture as above. A beautiful tree for year-round interest.Featured in the Small Tree Collection at Rutgers Gardens.Stewartia pseudocamellia (Japanese Stewartia) 2(Bark detail shown.)Styrax japonicus ‘Evening Light’ (Japanese Styrax)This one is a winner for the Garden! The foliage has deep purple coloration throughout the leaf, which allows the white flowers to pop out, much like they were being highlighted by the evening light of the setting sun. Hardiness and size is the same as above.Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’ (Lilac)Tired of the long stems and powdery mildew come fall of the classic Lilac? ‘Palibin’ is a shrub Lilac, growing to 8’ in height and width. In May, the light purple flowers are very fragrant and amply produced, literally covering the plant from top to bottom. Come fall, the foliage turns an attractive yellow. Full sun to light shade is best.Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’ (Lilac) 2Syringa patula ‘Miss Kim’ (Lilac)An attractive dense shrub type of Lilac, with very fragrant light blue flowers appearing throughout the plant and not just at the top of the plant. Foliage remains mildew free and features a purple fall color. Like all lilacs, it is deer resistant.Syringa patula ‘Miss Kim’ (Lilac) 2Syringa pubescens subSyringa patula ‘Miss Kim’ (Lilac) 3sp. patula 'Miss Kim' May (3)Syringa vulgaris May (1)Syringa vulgaris ‘Wonder Blue’ (Lilac)Clusters of light blue, fragrant flowers appear on this more compact plant. A very welcome addition to the smaller garden! Foliage is also mildew resistant. Syringa × Bloomerang® ‘Dark Purple Lilac’ (Lilac)Wishing you could enjoy fragrant Lilac flowers longer than just a few weeks in spring? Bloomerang® is your answer! An easy to grow shrub lilac, reaching 8’ tall and wide with pink buds and fragrant blue flowers in May. Very easy to grow in sun or light shade, in soils that are not water logged. Syringa × Bloomerang® ‘Dark Purple Lilac’ (Lilac) 2Syringa × oblata ‘Betsy Ross’ (Lilac)More similar in habit to the French Lilacs, it has mildew resistant foliage and large white flowers in May.Taxodium distichum ‘Emerald Shadow’ (Bald Cypress)Native! A very uniform and upright growing form of Bald Cypress. The fall color is an attractive amber-yellow. Grows to 50-60’ tall with a spread of 15’. Full sun is needed for best growth.Taxodium ascendens ‘Nutans’ (Pond Cypress)Native! A wonderful native deciduous conifer! Has delicate ferny foliage throughout the summer months, beautiful bronze fall color and a very distinctive columnar habit, providing interest throughout the seasons. Best grown in full sun in well-drained to very moist soils. Despite its slender and more compact appearance, it is a very long lived tree, easily growing to over 100 years!Taxodium distichum ‘Peve Minaret’ (Dwarf Bald Cypress)This is a tight, compact form of our native Bald Cypress with very curious and compressed, fern-like foliage that turns orange in the fall. Best in full sun and tolerant of moister locations as well as dry, this form is perfect for the smaller garden. Slowly grows to 30’+ tall and 5’ wide!Vaccinium corymbosum cultivars (Blueberry)Native! A great native plant that we often forget to use in the garden! Delicious fruits are the obvious reason for growing blueberry, but they also have spectacular red fall color and white urn shaped flowers in May as well. It is best to grow several different cultivars such that you get proper cross pollination and improved fruit set. Full sun, moist to well-drained soils.Featured in the Community Youth Garden and the Pollinator Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Vaccinium corymbosum cultivars (Blueberry)Native! A great native plant that we often forget to use in the garden! Delicious fruits are the obvious reason for growing blueberry, but they also have spectacular red fall color and white urn shaped flowers in May as well. It is best to grow several different cultivars such that you get proper cross pollination and improved fruit set. Full sun, moist to well-drained soils.Featured in the Community Youth Garden and the Pollinator Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Viburnum ‘Kilimanjaro’ (Doubefile Viburnum)This Viburnum has tiered branching that showcase the 3” lacecap flowers in May over clean green foliage that turns to gold and orange as autumn nears. Found by Carl Kern, a nurseryman in Cincinnati Ohio! Hardy to zone 5, it will reach 6-8 tall by 5-6’wide.Viburnum acerifolium (Mapleleaf Viburnum)Native! A great plant for shady areas where it will slowly spread and form large colonies over time. Foliage resembles that of a maple, with attractive green coloration throughout the summer, giving way to shades of pink, rose and burgundy come autumn. Flat-topped white flowers in May produce purple fruit in autumn which are beloved by wildlife.Featured throughout Helyar Woods at Rutgers GardensViburnum carlesii April (2)Viburnum carlesii April (3)Viburnum carlesi 'Compactum' April (1)Viburnum dilatatum 'Erie' October (1)Viburnum dilatatum 'Erie' October (2)Viburnum nudum June (1)Viburnum nudum October (2)Viburnum plicatum tomentosum ‘Summer Snowflake’ (Doublefile Viburnum)A narrow upright form of Doublefile, growing 8’ tall and 4’ wide. White Lacecap flowers are produced from May through early July, extending the bloom time considerably! Full sun or light shade in moisture retentive soils.Featured in the Art Rudolph Memorial Sun and Shade Garden at Rutgers Gardens.Viburnum plicatum tomentosum ‘Summer Snowflake’ (Doublefile Viburnum) 2shrub with white flowersVitex agnus-castus ‘Abbeville Blue’ (Chastetree)Deer Resistant! This is a great plant for late summer interest in the garden. Growing to 10’ tall, the aromatic, gray-green foliage provides a great backdrop for the clear blue, 12-18” lonog flower spikes that are produced from mid July through early September. A great backdrop for the mixed border. Full sun, well-drained (even dry) soils, and did I mention that it is deer resistant!Vitex agnus-castus ‘Abbeville Blue’ (Chastetree) 2Weigela florida Sonic Bloom® Pink (Weigela)Sonic Bloom® Pink is a more compact version of Weigela, with arching canes reaching 4-5’ high and wide. Starting in late May, the branches are clothed in pink blooms, which continue unabated until frost. Deadheading is not needed in order to induce strong reblooming through summer and fall. Plant in full sun and well drained soils for best flowering. Zone 4 hardy.Xanthorhiza simplicissima (Yellowroot)Native! A great native plant that is a stupendous, weed suppressing groundcover! The stems of the plant reach 2-3’ in height in moist shade, lower in sun and dry shade. The cutleaf foliage resembles that of celery. The flowers appear in late April or early May before the leaves appear, and are curious shades of purple. Plants look great in association with herbaceous plants of Amsonia. Summer foliage is a deep green, with fall color a great yellow. Will cover large areas if left alone!