Abies nordmanniana (Nordmann’s Fir) – A great alternative large evergreen, this plant grows to 60’ with lustrous dark green foliage. Grows best in full sun in well-drained soils. Not available in 2013
Acer griseum (Paperbark Maple) - Few trees are as showy, with its cinnamon-colored exfoliating bark. The fine-textured leaves have 3 leaflets and change from dark green with silvery undersides in summer to shades of red and bronze come autumn. A very tidy oval-shaped small tree which fits beautifully into both small and large gardens alike!
Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Tamukeyama’ (Red Cutleaf Japanese Maple) – Lacy red foliage appears on the cascading branches in early spring, changing to bronze burgundy in the summer and orange-red in the fall. Slowly grows to 15’ tall and best grown in light shade, but will tolerate full sun if the soil is amended with organic matter and does not dry out frequently.
Acer palmatum dissectum ‘Viridis’ (Cutleaf Japanese Maple) – Bright green lacy foliage in spring with small but showy red samaras (seeds) in summer, followed by beautiful orange and yellow fall color. Weeping and mounded habit provides year-round interest.
Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye) – Native to Alabama, but perfectly hardy in NJ, this small tree to large shrub grows to 20’ in height, with dark red flowers in May. Very happy growing in shaded areas; it will also tolerate full sun. Well drained to moist soils.
Amelanchir laevis (Serviceberry) – Native! A native small tree growing to 40’ tall, it produces copious amounts of small white flowers in May, followed by 3/8” small purple fruit that is edible and very sweet. The fall color is an outstanding red.
Asimina triloba (Pawpaw) – Native! A great native plant that has large, slightly drooping and very tropical appearing foliage. Produces small red flowers in late April and large edible fruits in late August into October that is highly nutritious and taste like a Mango with custard-like texture. Full sun, light shade, moist soils. The Zebra Swallowtail butterfly's larvae feed exclusively on young, PawPaw foliage, but never in great numbers. Pawpaw fruit ripens during a four-week period between mid August and into October, depending on various factors. When ripe, it is soft and yields easily to a gentle squeeze, and has a pronounced perfumed fragrance. This year we are offering a number of improved selections. In order to get improved fruiting, it is important to have at least two different selections. Some of the selections include:
Betula nigra ‘Summer Cascade’ (Weeping River Birch) – Rare! Only growing to 20’ tall, this is an exciting new weeping form of River Birch. It has the wonderful exfoliating bark, adaptability of soils and disease resistance typical of River Birch Not available 2014
Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam) - Native! A tough and beautiful native tree which performs well in a wide variety of site conitions, including dry, wet, sun and shade!Teh 2-3" long hanging winged seed bracts add an interesting summer appeal and the fall color is an attractive orange to reddish purple. It can also be pruned to make a great hedge!
* Featured in the Small Tree Collection and Ring Garden at Rutgers Gardens.
Carpinus japonica (Japanese Hornbeam) - Rare! A tough and dependable small tree, this small tree has the same fluted and muscular bark as our native Hornbeam, but has the added benefit of a beautiful vase shaped habit. The hop-like fruits add further interest. Good for sun or shade and it is adaptable to difficult soils.
Cercis canadensis (Red Bud) – Native! Edible lavender flowers appear along the stems in early to mid May. Native to the East Coast, Cercis is a small tree, growing to 20’ high and wide. Prefers full sun and well-drained soils.
* Featured in the Rain Garden and the Small Tree Collection at Rutgers Gardens
Cercis canadensis ‘Covey’ (Lavender Twist™ ) (Redbud) – Large heart shaped leaves adorn this very cool new weeping introduction. Growing to 8’ tall, this plant produces long hanging branches that look great hanging over a wall, or even trained as an espalier.
Cercis canadensis ‘Alley Cat’ (Redbud) – Rare! Another great Redbud for shade! The foliage is very attractively mottled with green and white. Still producing pink flowers in spring, it is another great plant for the shade.
Cercis canadensis ‘Hearts of Gold’ (Redbud) – The lavender flowers are not the real show; it is the new foliage, which flushes an attractive chartreuse color. As the foliage ages, it turns to green. A great plant for illuminating a lightly shaded spot in the garden!
Cercis canadensis ‘Forest Pansy’ (Redbud) – A unique form of Redbud, with deep red foliage in late spring and summer and pink flowers in spring. Forest Pansy is appropriate as a backdrop for the mixed border or wherever a deep purple accent is needed.
Cercis canadensis ‘Little Woody’ (Redbud) – Found by Paul Woody in North Carolina, this plant is unique due to the dwarf habit and the very close spacing between leaves. Initially, I thought it was simply yet another dwarf, but after seeing a more mature specimen, the plant has a very unique and attractive appearance, making it a very nice addition to the garden, especially if space is tight! Not available in 2014.
Cercis canadensis 'Solar Eclipse' (Redbud) - This redbud has amazing bi-colored leaves which are unusually large and ruffled. The foliage is very striking because teh outer edges of teh leaves have dark green rims, while the centers emerge in spring and early summer in shades of amber and orange, maturing to chartreuse as the summer progresses!
Cercis canadensis var. texensis ‘Traveller’ (Redbud) – Mounding up to 6-8’ in height, this plant produces a broad mounding/ weeping shrub with rose pink flowers in spring followed by large, glossy leaves.
Cercis chinensis ‘Avondale’ (Chinese Redbud) – Very similar flowers to our native, but the plant is a multistemmed shrub, not a tree. Growing to 10’ Avondale is heavily covered with rose-purple flowers in May. Not available in 2014.
Cercis chinensis 'Don Egolf' (Chinese Redbud) - The branches are absolutely covered with lavender-pink flowers in April and has neat,heart-shaped foliage. It bears less seed pods than other cultivars of Chinese Redbud. Not available in 2014.
Cladrastis kentuckea 'Sweetshade' (American Yellowwood) – Native! A mid sized tree growing to 30-50’ tall and wide, it produces long (8-14”) fragrant white panicles of flowers in late May into June. It resembles are Wisteria tree! Fall color is butter yellow. Full sun to part shade, in soils rich in organic matter and well drained.
Cladrastis kentuckea 'Perkins Pink' (American Yellowwood) - Similar to the above, but the flowers are a beautiful soft pink! Not available in 2014.
Colutea media 'Copper Beauty' (Copper Beauty Bladder Senna) - Coppery pea-shaped flowers on 4" hanging racemes in June and July. The blooms mature to become bladder-shaped pods in interesting shades of green, bronze and purple. It does well in a poor to average soils, with full sun. Zone 5 hardy.
Cornus alternifolia Golden Shadows™ (Pagoda Dogwood) – Rare! Large green leaves with wide, vivid yellow and chartreuse margins! It can be grown as a small tree or large shrub and with unusual horizontal branching patterns and white flowers in spring it is an ideal candidate for highlighting a shady part of the garden.
Cornus florida 'Appalachian Joy' (Flowering Dogwood) - Native! The beautiful white flowers appear in April and May and are distinct in that they have extra bracts (petals) to make the flowers appear far fuller. The foliage is highly resistant to powdery mildew and anthracnose, turning a bright purple red come fall.
Cornus florida ‘Appalachian Spring’ (Flowering Dogwood) – Native! Resistant to Dogwood Anthracnose, this is a fine selection of our Native American dogwood. Growing to 30’, it produces great white flowers in spring and stunning red fall color.
Cornus florida ‘Cherokee Chief’ (Flowering Dogwood) – Producing true Ruby Red flowers and reddish new growth make this form a standout. Good resistance to mildew and to Anthracnose.
Cornus kousa ‘K. Lipka's Variegated Weeper' (Chinese Dogwood) - This pendulous form has beautiful green and white summer folaige which turns pink and red come the fall. The white flowers in June are merely an added bonus!
Cornus kousa 'Miss Satomi' (Chinesse Dogwood) – Unique in that it has pink-red flowers in June, with red flushed new growth and red fall color.
Cornus kousa ‘Wolf Eyes’ (Variegated Chinese Dogwood) – White variegated foliage on a more shrub-like form of the Chinese dogwood; only grows to 10-12’ in height. Ideal for the shade, but it will also perform well in sunny locations.
Cornus x ‘Celestial Shadow’ – Very rare! A mutation of Cornus Celestial™ that exhibits beautiful yellow and green variegation on the foliage. The fall color is a spectacular combination of Orange and red. Flowers are large and white.
Cornus x Hyperion™ (Hyperion Hybrid Dogwood) – One of the newest crosses releases in Dr. Elwin Orton's breeding program at Rutgers University. It is a cross between the Chinese Dogwood (Cornus kousa) and our native Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida). Very vigorous and disease resistant, it also bears large white flowers AND attractive red fruit in late summer!
Cornus x Saturn™ (Saturn Hybrid Dogwood) – A cross completed by Elwin Orton of Rutgers University, between the Chinese Dogwood (Cornus kousa) and our native Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida). Very vigorous and disease resistant, the large overlapping petals produce a beautiful effect in mid-May. The habit is an attractive vase shape.
Cornus x Venus™ (Venus Hybrid Dogwood) – Would you like a dogwood that has flowers that are up to 8” in diameter? Yet, this is another winner of a plant from Rutgers and Dr. Elwin Orton. Venus is a very vigorous plant which, unlike many of his cultivars, blooms at a younger age.
Cotinus x ‘Grace’ – A cross or Cotinus obovatus and C. coggygria, this selection sports great dark purple foliage with pink flowers. The fall color is a very attractive reddish purple. A knockout! Mature height of 20’+.
Cryptomeria japonica ‘Yoshino’ (Japanese Cedar) – A P.H.S. award winner, this evergreen grows to 40’+ in height and has very attractive dark green foliage. Typically grown in full sun, it is surprisingly tolerant of light shade and is also sun tolerant.
Cupressocyparis leylandii (Leyland Cypress) – If you are looking for a quick growing narrow evergreen for screening, this is the plant. Growing rapidly to 60 feet (about 25 years), the plant does best in moist but well drained soils in full sun.
Franklinia alatamaha (Benjamin Franklin Tree) – Was native! A tree of great heritage! Named after one of the founding fathers, this tree was originally found growing in Georgia in the late 1700’s. It has since become extinct in the wild, but due to the foresight of John Bertram, the gentleman that found and collected the plant, we now have the plant to sell! Beautiful white flowers appear in July and August, which is followed by great red fall color. Good in the full sun or part shade, it grows best in soil that is rich in organic matter, but is well drained.
Halesia caroliniana 'Jersey Belle' (Carolina Silverbell) – Native! A native understory tree, growing to 30’ tall. Particularlly large bell-shaped white flowers dangle from the stems in mid spring. This selection has larger flowers than the species, growing to over 1” in length. Although native to shady sites, it grows very well in full sun. Well-drained soils.
Ilex opaca ‘Dan Fenton’ (American Holly) – Native! Although possessing a male name, this is an outstanding selection of our native American Holly. The dark green foliage is the backdrop for a consistently heavy crop of dark red fruits. Excellent pyramidal form.
Ilex opaca ‘Maryland Dwarf’ (American Holly) – Native! Similar in foliage to the above, but the plant only grows to 8’ tall after 50 years! The form is mounded and very attractive.
Ilex x ‘Red Beauty’ (Hybrid Holly) – The newest Holly introduction from Elwin Orton at Rutgers! Growing to 12’ tall, but can be kept lower, the plant produces a thick mass of dark green foliage with attractive red fruit in the fall. It has proven to be Deer Resistant at Rutgers Gardens
Lagerstroemia fauriei 'Fantasy' (Fantasy Crapemyrtle) - Hardy to North Central NJ, this plant grows to 25' tall with the most amazing bark! Small white flowers grace the plant in mid-July, but it is the smooth expanses of deep cinnamon brown bark that captivates garden gowers for 12 months of the year. Plant in full sun to light shade in well drained soils. Drought tolerant once established.
Lagerstroemia x 'Arapaho' (Crapemyrtle) - The flowers are a deep red and very large, appearing in mid to late summer. Folaige is glossy and mildew-resistant. A recent US National Arboretum release.
Lagerstroemia x'Cherry Dazzle' PP16917 (Crapemyrtle) – Part of the "Razzle Dazzle" Dwarf Crape Myrtle Series, this dwarf has orange-red NEW growth and burgundy fall color. Beautiful red flowers during the summer. Mature height 3'. Ideal for adding to the perennial border!
Lagerstroemia x'Strawberry Dazzle' (Dwarf Crapemyrtle) – This miniature has beautiful, bright rose-pink blooms and a plant that only grows to 4-5' tall! Foliage is mildew resistant.
Lagerstroemia x ‘Natchez’ (Crapemyrtle) – Growing to 20’, this winner from Dr. Don Egolf and the National Arboretum sports white flowers and some of the most gorgeous cinnamon and brown exfoliating bark that you may have ever seen!
Liquidambar styraciflua 'Slender Silhouette' (Sweetgum) - An extremely narrow form of Sweetgum, only reaching 4' wide but 50 ' tall, that is useful in small gardens or wherever an accent is of need. It has beautiful glossy green leaves, is we site tolerant and - for those that like to walk barefoot - produces far less of the round seed capsules than the straight species. The fall color is yellow to burgundy. Hardy to zone 5, full sun is a necessity.
Liriodendron tulipifera ‘Little Volunteer’ (Tulip Tree) –The leaves and the distance between the leaves/branches are about ½ the size of a normal Tulip Tree. Perfect for the smaller garden. Not available in 2014.
Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Magnolia) – Native! A native to the S.E. US, this tropical looking shade tree eventually grows to 60’ tall. Yellow/green flowers are produced in ample quantities in April, and again in September. Cucumber Magnolia is a truly underused and very attractive native tree, very deserving of greater use in NJ.
Magnolia acuminata 'Brenda' (Cucumber Magnolia) - Similar to the above, but this form has deep yellow flowers. Not available 2014!
Magnolia acuminata 'Peirce's Park' (Cucumber Magnolia) - If you have lusted after the large tree at Longwood Garden's here it is at a size that you can bring back to your own home! Yellow flowers.
Magnolia grandiflora ‘Brackens Brown Beauty’ (Southern Magnolia) – Do you like flowers that have wonderfully sweet fragrance? Appearing in June and July, the white flowers add much to the early summer garden, both for visual and olfactory satisfaction. This plant selection is perfectly hardy in NJ, and grows to 25-30’ in height. The leaves are dependably evergreen, but it should receive some protection from winter winds. Is shade tolerant and is a P.H.S. (Pennsylvania Horticultural Society) Gold Medal plant.
Magnolia grandiflora ‘Edith Bogue’ (Southern Magnolia) – Similar to the above, but growing to a slightly taller height of 35-40’ tall. This is also a P.H.S. Gold Medal plant.
Magnolia grandiflora ‘Kay Paris’ (Southern Magnolia) – Similar to the above, but the leaves are much narrower in size, making it a perfect plant for the scale of a smaller garden. Kay Paris is also renown for its ability to produce flowers throughout the summer. Makes an excellent espalier as well!
Magnolia sieboldiana ‘Colossus’ (Siebold Magnolia) – A shrub-like Magnolia, growing to 15’ and ideal for locations in full sun or light shade alike. The fragrant white flowers dangle down, often looking like large pearls hanging from the limbs when in bud. As they open, they have the most exquisite center of magenta stamens, making the flower a knockout to observe. Colossus is nice since it has larger than usual flowers.
Magnolia sieboldii ‘Min Pyong Gal’ (Siebold Magnolia) – Registered in year 2000 in honor of Mr. Carl Ferris Millier of The Chollipo Arboretum in South Korea. Min Pyong-gal is his Korean name when he acquired citizenship. This form has flowers that have a touch of pink along with a nice sweet fragrance and a fuller form due to the extra tepals. The habit is distinctly more columnar, allowing it to be planted in more confined location and the leaves are narrower than typical M. sieboldii. For those looking for a more unusual Magnolia! Not available 2014
Magnolia virginiana 'Mardi Gras' (Sweetbay Magnolia) - Similar to the species in height and flower, the leaves have broad yellow margins to the leaves, giving the plant a very festive appearance, even when it is not in flower!
Magnolia virginiana Moonglow® (Sweetbay Magnolia) – Growing rapidly to 15’, and ultimately to 25’, this introduction of our native Magnolia boosts fragrant white flowers in late May through June and partially evergreen foliage! Full sun to light shade, it will grow best in moist soils, but will tolerate drought. Hardy to zone 4.
Magnolia virginiana 'Northern Belle' (Hybrid Magnolia) –This form is not only hardier than the species form, it also boasts larger, creamy white and fragrant flowers in June and July. Attractive red fruit pods come the fall.
Metasequoia glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood) – An interesting plant with a really cool history. It was thought to be extinct and was known only as a fossil up until the early 1940’s when it was found growing in China. It has glossy, fern-like foliage that turns shades of orange in the fall and is very striking. The bark is also a dark orange and the base of the tree becomes large and buttressed. The area beneath the branches develops deep sinuses, giving the plant a very mystical, almost fairy-like appearance. A fast growing plant, it tolerates dry soils, but was found growing in China next to streams and rice fields – full sun is ideal.
Metasequoia glyptostroboides ‘Ogon’ (Golden Dawn Redwood) – Rare! Slower growing than the green form, this plant slowly grows into a 30-40’ tall plant with attractive fern-like foliage that is yellow. Full sun, moist to well drained soils.
Nyssa sylvatica 'Red Rage' (Black Tupelo) - Rare and Native! A tremendous accent plant in the fall, with the attractive green foliage turning to a brilliant red which will outcompete any other tree that I can think of for a spectacular display. Is also wet site and salt tolerant. Not available in 2014.
Nyssa sylvatica ’Sheri's Cloud’ (Variegated Black Tupelo/ Sourgum) – Rare! A very attractive cream and white variegated form that holds its variegation well through the heat of summer. During the fall, the foliage turns to pink and scarlet red. Wet site tolerant.
Nyssa sylvatica 'Zydeco Twist' (Contorted Black Tupelo) - Rare! This is a stunning, contorted-branched Black Tupelo. The branches have a very attractive zigzaggy habit, which is especially noticable after the vivid red fall foliage drops in late autumn! It is also wet site and salt tolerant.
Oxydendrum arboreum (Sourwood) – Native! Oxydendrum is a small tree that sports very attractive white urn-shaped flowers on 4-10” long drooping racemes in late June/early July. The flowers are much beloved by Honeybees and other native pollinators. In fall, the foliage turns a rich lustrous red. Best grown in full sun and well-drained soils.
Parrotia persica (Persian Ironwood) – An underutilized small tree with a number of great assets. To list the assets:
Parrotia persica ‘Pendula’ (Persian Ironwood) – Rare! Similar to the above, except that the plant has a very graceful weeping habit. Typically, only seen in the rarest of the rare catalogues.
Sciadopitys verticillata (Umbrella Pine) – Rare! A very unusual evergreen tree. The needles are arranged in whorls at the end of the branches, such that they look like the spokes of an umbrella when viewed from the tip! The needles are glossy and almost look like plastic. Best grown in full sun or light shade, reaches 30’ in ht and 15’ in width.
Stewartia koreana (Korean Stewartia) – This tree has proven to be a great year round plant with white Camellia-like flowers in July and August, with great red fall color in October. In winter, the bark exfoliates revealing great pink and cream inner bark. Full sun to light shade, in moist to well drained soils. Does not like soils that are boggy, but will withstand periodic flooding. Grows slowly to 30’.
Stewartia pseudocamellia (Japanese Stewartia) – A nice small tree and similar to the above, but only maturing to 20’. The bark on Japanese Stewartia has more pink overtones than its Korean cousin. Culture as above. A beautiful tree for year-round interest.
Stewartia rostrata (Stewartia) – Rare! I first grew this plant over 10 year ago, and have always been impressed by the large white flowers with the subtending large red bracts. Starting to bloom in May, it is the earliest Stewartia to bloom. Develops into a large shrub, to 10’ tall. Prefers a shady, woodland setting. Not available in 2014
Styrax japonicus ‘Emerald Pagoda’ (Japanese Styrax) – Discovered by the late J.C. Raulston, this is a superb flowering small tree. The glossy leaves and white bell shaped flowers are larger and showier than the species with a more vigorous growth rate as well. This is a great substitute for Flowering Dogwoods if you are looking for something a little different and out of the ordinary.
Styrax obassia (Snowbell) – Rare! Related to the above, this Korean relative has larger, more tropical appearing foliage, and instead of the flowers appearing individually, they are in long pendant clusters and are fragrant. An ideal plant for light shade, although it is tolerant of full sun, and well-drained soils.
Taxodium ascendens DebonairTM (Pondcypress) – Native! A wonderful native deciduous conifer! Has delicate ferny foliage throughout the summer months, beautiful bronze fall color and a very distinctive columnar habit, providing interest throughout the seasons. Best grown in full sun in well drained to very moist soils.
Taxodium distichum ‘Fallingwaters’ (Weeping Bald Cypress) – A weeping form of Bald Cypress that maintains and develops a leader on its own. A very rare and picturesque form that is wet site and salt tolerant.
Thuja plicata ‘Spring Grove’ (Giant Arborvitae) – Native to the West Coast, this plant is hardy throughout NJ. Growing to 60’ over 60 years, Spring Grove has dark green foliage through the winter and a very attractive pyramidal outline. Full sun, well-drained soils. A beautiful evergreen.
Thuja plicata ‘Green Giant’ (Giant Arborvitae) – A very robust growing form, which can produce up to 2’ of growth per year! Ultimately growing to 30-40’ tall and 15’ wide, it makes a great item to use as an evergreen screen. Has proven to be hardy to 20 below F.
Ulmus alata ‘Lace Parasol’ (Winged Elm) – A handsome weeping form of the Winged Elm, with handsome corky branches. I saw the original tree down at the JC Ralston Arboretum at NC State and it is truly a beautiful tree! Grows to 15' wide x 10’ tall.
Ulmus parviflora ‘Golden Rey’ (Chinese Elm) – Rare! Bright yellow new foliage holds its color well into summer, turning to a beautiful golden yellow in the fall. Bark exfoliates in mottled patches and adds significant winter interest. Grows to 40’ tall and wide.
Zelkova serrata 'Variegata' (Variegated Japanese Zelkova) - The foliage of this Zelkova is similar in shape and size to a typical Zelkova, but this cultivar has a narrow white edge! Fall color is an orange bronze. Since it only grows to 30' tall and 20' wide, it is very appropriate for the smaller garden.Not available in 2014
Large Shrubs (6 foot and Greater)
Aesculus parviflora (Bottlebrush Buckeye) – Native! Got deer? This deer resistant plant is successful in sun or shade, producing large (8-12”) white bottlebrush flowers in June. A true winner of a plant that has not yet gained the respect of the community! Good yellow fall color.
Aesculus parviflora var. serotina ‘Rodgers’ (Rodgers Bottlebrush Buckeye) – Similar to the above except the flowers appear in mid to late July and the plant is wet site tolerant.
Buxus sempervirens ‘Graham Blandy’ (Upright Box) – If you are looking for a slow growing and deer resistant exclamation point in the garden, this is the plant! This plant produces a tight column of evergreen foliage to 9’ tall and 1’ wide in 20 years, if left unpruned. A fun form to work into a sunny or shady garden that has well drained soils.
Calycanthus floridus (Sweetshrub) – Native! An enchanting native shrub that slowly develops into large thickets. The red flowers in June produce a fragrance similar to strawberries or apples! The glossy foliage in deer resistant, and turns and attractive yellow in the fall.
Camellia japonica ‘Korean Fire’ (Camellia) – Camellias are evergreen plants for shade, with this selection having been introduced from Korea by Barry Yinger. It has single, bright red flowers that bloom from early April into May. Great for the early spring garden.
Camellia oleifera ‘Lu Shan Snow’ (Tea-oil Camellia) – Rare! A very cold hardy (zone 6) evergreen Camellia that produces white flowers throughout October and November! Can grow to 10’ in height, it develops rich buff-cinnamon brown bark with age. The seeds are processed for oil, hence the common name.
Camellia x ‘April Blush’ (Camellia) – Hardy to zone 6 if protected from strong winter winds, it has semi-double blush-pink flowers in April and May.
Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey Tea) - Native! A tough, adaptable shrub, growing to 4' tall with attractive white fluffy flowes during the summer. The flowers have a lovely delicate fragrance. Thrives in dry, sunny locations and is sea shore tolerant.
Cephalanthus occidentalis ‘Sputnik’ (Buttonbush) – Rare! Native! This selection of our native plant was chosen for its large flower size and the long period over which it blooms. Flowers develop into pinkish-white balls that, with a little imagination, do indeed resemble a Sputnik! It is very tolerant of wet sites, although it will also enjoy normal garden soil.Not available in 2014
Chionanthus retusus 'China Snow' (Chinese Fringe Tree) - Fluffy white panicles float above the dark green, glossy foliage. Develops into a beautiful small tree with attractive peeling tan bark.Not available in 2014
Chionanthus retusus 'Tokyo Tower' (Chinese Fringe Tree) - With all the benefits of the flowers and bark mentioned above, this form has a intriguing fastigiate or upright habit and is great for creating that exclamation mark in the garden! Grows to 12' tall and 3' wide.
Chionanthus virginicus 'Spring Fleecing (Fringe Tree) – Native! The fringe tree sports fragrant white flowers in May with blue fruits in the fall in the female plants (the Fringe Tree is dioecious). The fall color is a magnificent yellow, and the plants will thrive in either sun or shade. Typically found as a large shrub in the wild, but can be easily trained into a small
Choisyia x ‘Aztec Pearl’ (Mexican Orange) – Rare! With such a common name, you would never guess this plant to be hardy in Middlesex County, NJ! It has grown and flourished at Rutgers Gardens for the past 5 years, with never a hint of winter issues. Covered with fragrant white flowers in April and May, this evergreen prefers full sun to light shade and well drained soils. Has not been eaten by deer at the Gardens.
Clerodendron tricotomum (Harlequin Glorybower) - Very fragrant white flower in August through September enhance the beauty of the late summer garden. The flowers are followed by bright blue fruits with red calyxes in October. Located next to Holly House, everyone always wishes to know the identity of this wonderful plant. Grows to 8' tall and wide. It is also deer resistant!
Clethra acuminata (Mountain Pepperbush) - Native! Growing to 15' tall, it can be grown as a large shrub or a small tree, The long white flowers are highly fragrant and appear in July and August. The flowers are great for attracting butterflies! The fall color is an attractive yellow and then in winter, the AWESOME cinnamon colored, exfoliating bark is evident. Best planted in light shade or sun with moderate soil mositure.
Cornus alba 'Cream Cracker' (Cream Cracker Dogwood) – Rare! Twigs are deep red in winter, followed foliage that has showy white margins (edge of the leaves) come the summer. Fall color is red and pink – truly a plant for year-round interest!!
Cornus mas ‘Golden Glory’ (Corneliancherry Dogwood) – Has bright yellow flowers in March with interesting cherry red fruits in July that are a good source of vitamin C and beloved by the birds. Exfoliating bark for the winter months, this plant is grows well in full sun and average soils, but it is adaptable to dry shade.
Corylopsis pauciflora (Winterhazel) – The plant of the month for March, 2007! Attractive flowers appear on pendulous flowers stalks in late March or April. The plant has an attractive vase shaped habit, growing to 8-10’ in height. Prefers some shade, but will tolerate sun with ease if soil in amended with organic matter. Good yellow fall color.
Corylopsis spicata 'Gold Spring' (Winterhazel) – As the above, but the plant produces larger yellow flowers and has attractive lemon yellow foliage in spring. A great plant for early spring pizzazz!
Corylus avellana ‘Contorta’ (Harry Lauder’s Walking Stick) – Harry Lauder was a vaudevillian that always carried a crooked cane, hence the name! The serpentine branching makes this plant especially valuable for winter interest, and the long brown catkins add interest for spring. Grows best in full sun to light shade.
Cotinus coggygria ‘Atropurpureum’ (Purple Smokebush) – Great dark purple foliage from May to October for the back of the perennial or shrub border. Will grow to 12’ and produce puffy smoke-like flowers in July! Can also be treated as a cutback or stooled shrub that is pruned to 12” each spring, whereby it responds by growing to 8’, but will not bloom (produces flowers on second year wood). Best color in full sun, well-drained soils.
Cotinus coggygria ‘Velvet Cloak’ – Velvet purple foliage make this a startling backdrop plant for the mixed border, or a specimen for the shrub border. Great in masses with the best foliage color in the full sun. Height of 12’, or if treated as a cutback, 8’.
Cotinus coggygria ‘Golden Spirit’ (Smoke Bush) – Growing to 12’ tall, this form produces purple new growth that rapidly turns to chartreuse-yellow for the summer, with red and orange fall color. The smoky flowers are purple-gray in mid summer.Not available in 2014
Cotinus obovatus (American Smoketree) - Native! Slowly growing to 25’ tall, this large shrub has the typical smoke like flowers of Cotinus in July, but it has spectacular yellow red purple fall foliage that is magnificent. Plant in full sun and well drained to poor soils. A very tough plant!
Cryptomeria japonica 'Black Dragon' (Japanese Cedar) - The black-green evergreen foliage provides a fascinating irregular texture for this upright growing plant. Ultimate height is 12' tall by 4' wide!
Cytissus scoparius (Scotch Broom) – An arching shrub for the dry, sandy and infertile soil in full sun. Yellow flowers appear in May into June. To a height of 5-6’. .
Daphniphyllum macropodum (Daphniphyllum) – Rare! For those looking for a unique and rare evergreen, Daphniphyllum fits the description! Growing to 15’ tall, the large leaves are streaked with a red mid vein and provide great texture. Rarely seen in gardens in NJ, it has proven to be hardy throughout central and southern NJ. Plant in shade with some protection from winter winds and average soil moisture.
Deutzia gracilis ‘Nikko (Dwarf Slender Deutzia) – A winner of a groundcover! Growing to 18-24”, it produces copious white flowers in May, great green foliage in the summer, and great burgundy fall color. As a groundcover, it suppresses many weeds.
Enkianthus campanulatus ‘Princeton Red Bells’ (Redvein Enkianthus) – A selection of Enkianthus with pronounced and very showy red flowers in May. It is a beautiful addition for the woodland garden.
Enkianthus campanulatus ‘Showy Lantern’ (Redvein Enkianthus) – Slowly growing to 8-10’ tall, this Rhododendron relative produces attractive red bell-shaped flowers in May, followed be great deep red and burgundy fall color. Will tolerate full sun if soil is excessively droughty, otherwise light shade and evenly moist soils.
Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Arnold Promise’ (Chinese Witchhazel) – Yellow fragrant flowers adorn this shrub in February into March. The green foliage of summer turns orange and red during the fall. Plants develop a vase shaped habit, and grow to 30’ tall or greater. Full sun locations will provide the most flowers and best fall color, but the plants are very adaptable to shade. Plants prefer moist but well drained soils and are very tolerant of summer drought once established.
Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Barnstedt Gold’ (Chinese Witchhazel) – Similar to the above, but the flowers are a large golden yellow, fragrant and have attractive yellow fall color.
Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Jelena’ (Chinese Witchhazel) – The flowers transition from orange at the tips to red at the base. One of the consistently showy forms for a February flower display, growing to 12’ tall and wide. The flowers also have great fragrance.
Hamamelis japonica 'Shibamichi Red' - Rare! The narrow petals are a good red with hints of cherry-burgandy! It blooms during February and March with a delicate and wonderful scent. Fall color varies from yellow to a yellow with reds and purples. Best flower display and fall color occur in full sun, although it tolerates light shade. Grows to 15' tall and wide.
Hamamelis virginiana (Witchhazel) – Native! Native to the woodlands of the east coast of the US, this plant is fun to have for its great yellow fall color and the yellow flowers that appear in November after leaf drop. Grows well in the shade, but is more floriferous in the sun. A very under appreciated native plant. Mature height of 12’.
Hamamelis virginiana ‘Little Suzie’ (Witchhazel) – Rare! Native! A wonderful addition for the late fall garden, fragrant yellow flowers appear on this compact plant in November! Not available in 2014
Heptacodium miconioides (Seven-Son Flower) – A rarely seen summer blooming shrub, this plant produces fragrant white flowers in August that are replaced by showy red bracts in September. Bark is light brown and silver and exfoliates, adding great winter drama. A P.H.S winner. Provide full sun, well drained to poor soils – hardy to zone 4!
Illicium floridanum ‘Halley’s Comet’ (Florida Anise) – Hard to believe that Florida Anise would be hardy in NJ, but it is a great evergreen for central NJ and for Rutgers Gardens. It has been growing in the Gardens for 5 years, in a deep shady spot, without a hint of leaf burn! The deep red flowers are star shaped and appear in May. It always commands a ‘what is that plant’ response from visitors.
Illicium floridanum ‘Florida Sunshine’ (Florida Anise) - Rare! Chartreuse evergreen foliage makes this a great plant for brightening up a dark shady spot in the Garden. White flowers in May.
Illicium x 'Woodland Ruby' (Anise) – A dense evergreen shrub with long glossy aromatic dark-green leaves and purple-red star-shaped flowers that appear over an extended period. With a mature height 6 - 8' tall it is ideal for the shaded garden that receives protection from winter winds. Deer resistent!
Lindera benzoin (Spicebush) – Native! Spicebush is native to the East Coast that should receive much greater and widespread use in NJ gardens. In spring, it is decorated with a myriad of small yellow flowers, which - on the female plants – develop into red fruits come September. It is also the plant of preference for the Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly! Plants thrive in full sun to fairly dense shade and soils that do not become excessively dry throughout the year.
Lindera glauca var. salicifolia (Spicebush) – Rare! Truly a spectacular foliage plant! The leathery narrow green leaves turn a spectacular saturnalia of colors come fall, including orange, red and purple come the fall. Leaves subsequently turn tan and remain affixed to the plant until the spring, when they drop just prior to the small yellow flowers of April. Will grow to 16’ tall, but can easily be maintained as a hedge at 4-6’.
Mahonia japonica (Chinese Mahonia) – Fragrant deep yellow flowers appear on the tips of the stems in April into May, followed by finely cut and attractive, dark evergreen foliage. Robbins Egg blue fruits follow in June. Best in light shade in a site protected from the winter winds.
*Located in Asian Hillside Garden
Mahonia x media ‘Charity’ (Mahonia) – Rare! Attractive yellow flowers appear in December and remain attractive well into January! A very beneficial plant for the garden since it provides flowers with little to nothing else is in bloom. Light shade and protection from winter winds.
Mahonia x media ‘Winter Sun’ (Mahonia) – Rare! Similar to the above in that it has yellow flowers in December/January, but they are held upright and are fragrant!Not available in 2014
Musa basjoo (Hardy Banana) – A great plant for foliage and texture in the Garden. The leaves are up to 3’ long and 10” wide. Talk about creating that tropical appearance! Plants will grow to 12’ tall. It is hardy in central NJ if it is heavily mulched for the winter.
Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Goshiki’ (Holly Tea Olive) – A great evergreen plant, with green and white mottled holly-like foliage – a very striking variegation! Growing to 8-10’, but can easily by kept smaller (2-3’), this deer resistant evergreen is great for a subtle feature plant in the garden, or as a hedge. Full sun to light shade, in soils that are well drained.
Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Gulftide’ (Holly Tea Olive) – A hardy and upright growing form of Osmanthus; this is a great evergreen for a narrow hedge in light shade. Once the plant is mature (6-8 years) the plant becomes cloaked with small white flowers in November that are heavenly sweet! Full sun to light shade in soils that are well drained.
Osmanthus hererophyllus 'Sasaba' (Holly Tea Olive) - Dramatic dark green deeply cut leaves on a compact, shade loving plant. Once again, it is deer resistant and has those unique flowers in late October which are wonderfully fragrant! Slower growing, only reaching 6' tall and 4' wide.
Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Variegatus’ (Holly Tea Olive) – It has very attractive evergreen leaves with a thin light yellow margin. Typically in late October or November, the plant produces inconspicuous but very fragrant white flowers. Ideally situated in an area protected from harsh winter winds.
Physocarpus opulifolius Coppertina™ (Copper-leaf Ninebark) – A selection of our native Ninebark. Although tolerant of shade, Coppertina is best grown in full sun to develop its rich and very attractive copper-colored foliage. Can be treated as a cut back or allowed to grow to an arching shrub of 6’. Good red fall color. If not cut back annually, it has pink flowers in May. Well-drained soils.
Physocarpus opulifolius Summer Wine (Summer Wine Ninebark) - Pinkish white button-like flowers in June over a compact habit and bright bronze purple foliage. It also has a marvelous reddish-purple fall color and is also wet site tolerant. What is not to like!!!
Poncirus trifoliata 'Flying Dragon’ (Hardy Orange) – The green stems are twisted and curled, with the prominent spines also curled. A very unusual and architectural plant! Fragrant white flowers appear in May, followed by orange fruits in autumn.
Rhamnus ‘Fine Line’ (Buckthorn) – Fine Line is noted for its very attractive and delicate dark green fern-like foliage. A really fun plant to use in the garden for its fine textural effect. Fall color is a bright yellow. Requires full sun and well-drained, even droughty soils for best appearance. Not available in 2014.
Rhus typhina ‘Tiger Eyes’ (Staghorn Sumac) – The cut-leaf foliage is remarkable for its chartreuse and yellow in color, which when set against the red stems provides an awesome color combination. In autumn, the foliage turns brilliant red. Good in the mixed border or the shrub border, this plant prefers full sun to light shade, with well-drained soils.
Rhapidophyllum hystrix (Hardy Needle Palm) – Growing to 4’ tall and hardy to zone 6 with protection during the first winter, this plant provides interesting texture and a tropical motif!
Salix x 'Swizzlestick' (Contorted Willow) - Rare! A fun zig-zag and contorted habit makes this easy to grow plant an eye-catching addition to the summer and the winter garden alike! Plants can be allowed to grow into large shrubs or coppiced back each spring to produce an interesting addition to the mixed border. Great for cutting and adding to floral arrangements! A great plant for containers!
Salix alba 'Britzensis' - Coral Bark Willow is a beautiful shrub for the Winter Garden! Starting in November, the young stems turn red to orange and truly 'glow' during the winter months. Provide full sun and soils that are average to moist. Cut the plant back to 10-12" in spring and it will grow back to 6' that year, providing 6' glowing stems the following winter. A great plant for containers!
Salix integra ‘Hakuro Nishiki’ (Willow) – A great shrub or cutback for the border. The plant produces salmon-pink new leaves and shoots, with the leaves developing white variegation as they mature. Great in average or wet soils. Will grow to 10’ if not cutback to 6-12” stubs. Great plant for containers!
Sambucus nigra ‘Black Lace®’ (Black Lace European Elder) – The showy pink and white flat topped flowers appear in June and provide a nice contrast to the exceptionally lacey, dark purple foliage. Full sun provides the best foliar color. Plants can also be treated as a ‘cut-back’.
Sorbaria sorbifolia ‘Sem’ (Falsespirea) – Rare! A suckering shrub that forms colonies of 6-8’ stems. ‘Sem’ is unique in that the deer resistant foliage is orange red when emerging, turning to yellow and finally green by mid summer. White flowers, resembling those of Astilbe are produced in June into July when the foliage has turned green. A great plant for those looking for a tall early summer blooming addition to the shrub border. Full sun or part shade and very adaptable as to soils, as long as they are not water logged..
Syringa meyeri ‘Palibin’ (Lilac) – Tired of the long stems and powdery mildew of the classic Lilac? Palibin is a shrub lilac, growing to 8’ in height and width. The light purple flowers are very fragrant and amply produced. In fall, it has yellow fall color. Full sun to light shade is best.
Syringa patula ‘Miss Kim’ (Lilac) – Similar to the above, but the flowers are a light blue and the fall color has more purples.
Syringa x oblata ‘Betsy Ross’ (Lilac) – More similar in habit to the French Lilacs, it has mildew resistant foliage and large white flowers in May.
Syringa vulgaris ‘Wonder Blue’ (Lilac) – Clusters of light blue, fragrant flowers appear on this more compact plant. A very welcome addition to the smaller garden! Foliage is also mildew resistant.
Syringa x ‘Tinkerbelle’ (Lilac) – An easy to grow shrub lilac, growing to 8’ tall and wide with pink buds and fragrant blue flowers in May. Very easy to grow in sun or light shade, in soils that are not water logged.
Vaccinium corymbosum cultivars (Blueberry) – Native! A great native plant that we often forget to use in the garden! Delicious fruits are the obvious reason for growing blueberry, but they also have spectacular red fall color and white urn shaped flowers in May as well. It is best to grow several different cultivars such that you get proper cross pollination and fruit set. Full sun, moist to well-drained soils.
Viburnum plicatum tomentosum ‘Summer Snowflake’ (Doublefile Viburnum) – A narrow upright form of Doublefile, growing 8’ tall and 4’ wide. White Lacecap flowers are produced from May through early July, extending the bloom time considerably! Full sun or light shade in moisture retentive soils.
Small Shrubs (6 Foot and Less)
Abelia x grandiflora ‘Kaleidoscope (Fragrant Abelia) – Yellow, Chartreuse, pink and green foliage with pink flower buds and white flowers. In fall, the foliage turns to red, orange, gold and green! Plus, the plants flower from June to frost. What more could you ask for from a plant? Provide full sun to partial shade for optimum results.
Abelia mosanensis (Fragrant Abelia) - Very fragrant pink tubular flowers with white centers that bloom during May and June. The glossy green foliage turns orange-red come autumn. Native to Latvia, this plant thrives in full sun, hot and dry locations. Height and spread of 6'.
Acanthopanax sieboldianus ‘Variegatus’ (Variegated Aralia) Rare! – Great plant for the difficult spot. White variegated leaves on a plant that grows to 6’ will brighten up a dark, shady location. Shade is preferred and will tolerate drought and pollution when established.
Aronia arbutifolia 'Brillantissima' (Red Chokeberry) Native! - A deciduous shrub with white flowers in May. The bright red fruits ripen in late summer and persist into winter, providing food for overwintering birds. The glossy foliage turns brilliant red in auatumn. Chokeberry is both wet site and salt tolerant.
Aronia melanocarpa 'Viking' (Black Chokeberry) Native! - The glossy dark green leaves turn a striking red in fall. In spring, the white flowers are followed by large, purple-black fruits which are beloved by birds. Very adaptable to sites, tolerating wet and dry conditions. Best flower, fruit and fall color occurs in full sun. Grows to 6' tall and slowly spreads to form a colony.
Aucuba japonica ‘Limbata’ (Japanese Aucuba) – An unusual shrub for shade, it reaches 5’ in height with 4-5” long evergreen foliage that is edged in chartreuse. Red flowers in June. Ideal for a dry shady location.
Aucuba japonica ‘Nana’ (Dwarf Japanese Aucuba) – A compact form that is one half the size of the straight species, has a more upright growth habit and since it is a female selection bears abundant fruit above the foliage. Mature height of 5' tall.
Aucuba japonica ‘Picturata’ (Japanese Aucuba) – Similar to the above, but the center of the leaves has a large yellow splash, giving the plant a lush and tropical appearance. Protect from winter winds.
Buddleia davidii ‘Lochinch’ (Butterfly Bush) – Buddleia is a staple for every garden. Not only are the flowers wonderfully fragrant, but they also serve as a magnet for Butterflies! Lochinch has lavender-blue flowers atop silver foliage, growing to 8’. Best grown in full sun and well-drained soils.
Buddleia x Low and Behold 'Blue Chip'' (Betterfly Bush) - An exciting new groundcover Buddleia with a low mounding habit to 3' and an all summer display of blue, fragrant flowers without the need for deadheading.
Buddleia davidii ‘Nanho Blue’ (Butterfly Bush) – Long blue flowers and narrow silvery foliage. More compact habit. Mature height 4 - 5' tall.
Buddleia x 'Peach Cobbler' - (Butterfly Bush) - This is a new color optio, with salmon-peach colored flowers all summer! The fragrant blooms have the added advantage of being sterile. Grows to 5' tall.
Buddleia ‘Royal Red’ (Butterfly Bush) - Red Butterfly Bush. Rich purple - red flowers. Mature height 6 - 8' tall
Buxus x ‘Green Mountain’ (Boxwood) – Are you looking for a low growing, pyramidal plant with dark green and deer resistant evergreen for the garden? You have found the answer. Green Mountain is great for sun or shade, in well-drained soils.
Buxus sempervirens ‘Elegantissima’ (Variegated Boxwood) – A rounded form of Boxwood with foliage that has light cream margins. Very effective in mass, as a hedge, or as a single plant in a well-drained and lightly shaded location.
Ceanothus americanus (Mountain Sweet, Redroot, NJ Tea) – A low mounded shrub with delicate soft fuzzy blue flowers in late May into June. Tolerant of dry and infertile soils, Redroot will grow in sun or light shade.
Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘Duke Gardens’ (Plum Yew) – An attractive low growing form, that is more tolerant of sun than other Plum Yews. Shade and sun tolerant, it is ideal for the small garden, since it only grows 3’ tall and 4’ wide! This is a very attractive new addition to the Plum Yew collection.
Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘Fastigiata’ (Columnar Plum Yew) – An upright growing plant that resembles the common yew or Taxus in respect to the leaves but it is deer resistant! The foliage is arranged radially around the stems, is about 2” in length, and is a dark waxy green. The plant grows to 8’ in height, 4’ width in full sun or light shade in soils that are well drained.
Comptonia peregrina (Sweetfern) – Native! The foliage is green and fragrant, with a very interesting fern-like texture. The evergreen leaves turn bronze-green in the winter. Grows to 3’ tall, but will slowly spread to 6-8’ wide; this native suckers and colonizes dry, sterile areas in the wild. Perfect for the dry, south facing slope!
Clethra acuminata (Mountain Clethra) - Native! Native to the mountains of the Piedmont, this taller growing Pepperbush, often reaching 12' in height (and included here for name recognition) is a wonderful plant for a well drained location in the sun or light shade. Frangrant white flowers that attract butterflies appear in July, followed by red fall color and cinnamon colored exfoliating bark in the winter. A great native that should be used more often.
Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ (Summersweet Clethra) – An attractive groundcover solution for sun or shade! The plant grows 18-24” in height, with fragrant white flower spikes produced in July and yellow fall color in October.
Clethra alnifolia ‘Ruby Spice’ (Summersweet Clethra) – Native! A deciduous 6’ shrub growing best in moist soils in full sun, but it is tolerant of some shade and drier soils. The fragrant pink flower spikes appear in mid-July, adding great sensory appeal to the garden!
Cornus alba ‘Cream Cracker’ (Tatarian Dogwood) – A plant with deep red stems for winter interest, Cream Cracker is special since it features bright ivory-white margins of the leaves for summer interest. Does best in light shade.
Cornus sanguinea ‘Winter Flame’ (Red Stemmed Dogwood) – This selection has wonderful winter stems that are red at the base fading to yellow at the tip. They look like they are literally on fire! Full sun to light shade in soils that are moist to well drained. A very adaptable and useful plant for extending seasonal interest through the winter.
Diervilla lonicera ‘Copper’ (Copper Bush Honeysuckle) – A wonderful groundcover that most gardeners have yet to discover! Native to Eastern US, the plants produce myriad small yellow flowers, to 2” in mid summer over clean and disease free foliage. Tolerant of dry shady or full sun conditions, and the fall color is a very attractive purple. Easy to grow and tough!
Cryptomeria japonica ‘Elegans Nana’ (Dwarf Cryptomeria) – For those searching for an unusual dwarf conifer, growing to 3-4’ tall and up to 6’ wide. It has an unusual flat-topped appearance, with foliage that turns purple in winter. It has been a feature of the Art Rudolph Memorial Sun and Shade Garden for years. This plant has also proven to be deer resistant. Full sun, well-drained soils are best.
Deutzia x 'Spring Sensation' (Slender Deutzia) - Spring Sensation is a new introduction. In April into May, the slender, gracefully arching stems are covered with 1" white flowers. Growing to 4' tall, this selection is ideal in full sun or light shade. Zone 5.
Diervilla lonicera 'Copper' (Bush Honeysuckle) Native! - Growing to 3' tall, Copper sports sulfer-yellow flowers in July, over copper colored new foliage. Copper is a very tough, maintenance free plant that makes an amazing groundcover for light shade or full sun. Each plant will slowly spread to 5' in diamter.
Edgeworthia chrysantha ‘ Akebono’ (Paper Bush) – The deeply gragrant clumps of tubular flowers are orange and bloom for a long time in late winter. Foliage is long and tropical for the summer. Plant in light shade in a dry, sheltered location where you can enjoy the winter fragrance. Zone 7.
Enkianthus cernus ‘Ruben’ (Redvein Enkianthus) – A slower growing form of Enkianthus with beautiful red bell shaped flowers and burgundy red fall color. It is best for the shade garden.
Exochorda 'The Bride' (Pearlbush) - A really great plant to use as a groundcover that has been around for over 100 years but is still not seen in the garden. The plant will slowly spread to 4-6' in diameter with beautiful white flowers in May into June and often throughing new blossoms in fall. Has a very elegant habit which is more open and not tight and constrictive. Full sun to light shade and average soils.
Fothergilla gardenii (Dwarf Fothergilla) – Native! Native to the coastline of the SE US, this selection grows to 4-5’ in height. In May the plant produces 1 ½” fragrant white bottlebrush flowers, which is followed by deep, blue green foliage in the summer and orange, red and yellow fall color. Similar to the form below, but more appropriate for the smaller location. Full sun to light shade with soils that are moist or humus enriched.
Fothergilla major ‘Blue Shadow’ (Large Fothergilla) – A new introduction, this form has honey-scented flowers that are followed by dusty blue foliage. The fall color is a beautiful combination of yellow, orange and red. A great plant for combining with perennials such as Perovskia (Russian Sage) and Nepeta (Catmint).
Fotherrgilla major ‘Mt. Airy’ (Large Fothergilla) – Native! Another underused native shrub with multiple seasons of interest. Growing to 6’ tall, it produces 2” long white bottlebrush flowers in May that are sweetly scented. The summer foliage is a great deep blue-green, and the fall color is a flash of orange, yellow and reds. Full sun if the soil remains moist, otherwise light shade.
Hedera colchica 'Green Spice' – Shrub (Arborescent) Ivy – Rare! Are you looking for a really unusual evergreen plant for sun or DARK and DRY shade? Green Spice is the adult form of English Ivy, which means that it is not a runner but a bush! Planted in a sunny location this shrub will reward you with a bright display of rich green leaves that retain their color all year long. The deeper the shade, the more chartreuse the leaves become. Slowly growing to 3’ tall and wide in 8 years,.
Hedera rhombea ‘Crème de Menthe - Shrub’ (Arborescent) Ivy – Rare! Another fantastic evergreen shrub ivy for the dry or dark location. The dark green leaves are surrounded by a creamy white margin. Great for brightening up that shady spot! Is smaller than the above, only growing to 36” tall and 24” wide.
Hydrangea arborescens ‘Annabelle’ (Smooth Hydrangea) – Native! Growing to 5’ in moist and fertile soils, Annabelle produces large white flowers in June and July. Prefers shade, but can easily grown in sun in soil that is amended with humus. The plants bloom on new wood, so it can be cut to the ground during the winter months. It is featured in the Otken Memorial Garden at Rutgers Gardens.
Hydrangea arborescens ‘Bounty (Smooth Hydrangea) – Native! A more compact growing form of Annabelle, with smaller sterile flowers and equally large flower heads. Ideal for the smaller garden!
Hydrangea arborescens Invincibelle Spiritl™ (Smooth Hydrangea) – Native! A genus that is native to NJ, this cultivar produces very attractive and large pink mophead flowers that begin to appear in June and continue into fall! A long sought after introduction! Full sun to shade, height of 4’.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Blushing Bride’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – Blooming on new wood, this selection from our native Hydrangea offers 12” spherical white flowers in June and July, which slowly fade to green and then tan by September. Can be cut to the ground in winter. Best in light shade, it will tolerate full sun with adequate moisture or high soil organic content.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Endless summer’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – Blooms all summer on old and new wood with blue or pink Hortensia (mophead) flowers. A great new introduction!
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Expression' (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – This compact, re-blooming Hydrangea has dark-green, glossy foliage with exquisite, rose or blue, small, double flowers cover the plant from spring to fall! Mature height of 3' tall.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Lady in Red’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – Large pink lace-cap flowers that mature to red, with distinctive red stems and leaf venation. Beautiful reddish purple autumn leaf coloration. Mature height 3’– 5’.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Lilacina’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – An extremely long blooming blue Lacecap, with flowers produced from late spring through mid-summer. Mature height of 3-5’. Best in light shade.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Nigra’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – Stems are dark purplish-brown contrasting sharply with the vivid pink of the mophead flowers. Mature height 5' tall.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Pia’ (Pia Large Leaf Hydrangea) – Pia is a dwarf ‘Mop Head’ Hydrangea, only reaching 3’ tall. The typically pink flowers cover the plants in early through late summer.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Royal Purple’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – An attractive compact growth habit of 3-5’ with purple mop-head flowers from late spring to summer.
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Sister Therese’ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – Delicate white mophead flowers with a tiny blue eye. Excellent flowers for drying. Mature height 3' - 4' tall
Hydrangea macrophylla Twist’n’Shout™ (Bigleaf Hydrangea) – An exciting new plant from Dr. Michael Dirr, this is a cross between Endless Summer® and Lady in Red™. It is a reblooming deep pink lacecap with red stems. The fall color is a very striking burgundy-red!
Hydrangea paniculata ‘Big Ben’ (Hydrangea) – This is a newly introduced selection that produces very large and attractive panicles upon showy red stems. The flowers progress from white to a very good rose-pink and are produced from early August through September!
Hydrangea paniculata ‘Limelight’ (Limelight Hydrangea) – The cone shaped flower clusters emerge lime-green in color, then fade to white and finally to pink in autumn. A wonderful plant for adding summer through autumn interest to the garden and it looks great planted in combination with Eupatorium purpureum, the Joe-Pye Weed. Full sun to light shade is ideal, with soils that do not become excessively dry in summer.
Hydrangea paniculata ‘Pinky Winky’ (Hydrangea) – Colossal white flowers that quickly turn to pink make this new introduction a must have for the mixed and shrub border. Flowers in mid-summer and perform best in full sun with well-drained soils.
Hydrangea quercifolia 'Amethyst' (Oakleaf Hydrangea) - This form has upright white panicles of flowers that age to a gorgeous wine-red, retaining this color even when used as a cut flower! The fall color is great bonus, as the green foliage turns to a lovely burgundy-red. A Michael Dirr introduction, growing to 6' tall and 5' wide.
Hydrangea quercifoli 'Munchkin' (Oakleaf Hydrangea) - Only growing to 4' tall and 4' wide, this Oakleaf Hydrangea is perfect for the smaller garden! An excellent display of flowers is produced in July, which fade to a medium pink come August and September. The fall color is a lovely mahogany-red.
Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee' (Oakleaf Hydrangea) - This form is unique in that it is smaller, with a height of only 3'. Clean white flowers in mid summer with burgandy red fall color.
Hydrangea quercifolia 'Ruby Slippers' (Oakleaf Hydrangea) - An incredible new introduction form the National Arboretum. It produces grogeous 9" long flowers clusters that ope white and quickly turn to pink before deepening to a dark rosy pink by summers end. Scarlet shades of fall color and the exfoliating cinnamon bark make this a great, multi-seasonal plant. Also nice for the residential garden, since it matures to a more compact height of 4'!
Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snow Flake’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea) – Huge white (12”+) double flowers that look like enormous snow cones! Great for sun or shade, the plants also produce great burgundy and orange fall color and have exfoliating bark for the winter. Growing to 10’ (but can be kept shorter), native to the SE United States.
Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snow Queen’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea) – Similar to the above, but the plant matures to 8’ tall without pruning. Showy white panicles that stand upright followed by burgundy fall color and the cinnamon exfoliating bark for winter.
Hydrangea serrata ‘Blue Billow’ (Sawtooth Hydrangea) – A Lacecap Hydrangea, with good flower bud hardiness for the central NJ. Flowers are typically blue, and the shrub grows to 3-4 feet in height.
Hypericum x ‘Blue Velvet’ (St. Johnswort) – The attractive small-leaved foliage has a wonderful blue dusting, which nicely sets-off lovely bright yellow flowers. Blooms for an extended period during the summer and is an ideal plant for edging or adding to the mixed border. Grows to 3’ high and is best located in full sun or light shade in well drained soils. For those of interest, it is a seedling of Hypericum kalmiatum found by Dr. Paul Cappiello of Yewdell Gardens in Kentucky and a graduate of Cook College!
Hypericum 'Hypearis Renu' (St. Johnswort) – Bright yellow flowers in summer and round fruits that mature to bright pink in autumn make this a winner of a plant to add to the perennial or mixed border. New foliage is tinged red. Mature height of 30" tall. Plant in full sun to light shade and cut back to the ground come spring.
Ilex crenata ‘Sky Pencil’ (Japanese Holly) – A very slender growing form of Japanese Holly, growing to 6’ tall and 1’ wide. An ideal candidate to plant as a narrow hedge. Evergreen foliage, full sun to light shade, average garden soil.
Indigofera amblyantha (Indigo) – Rare! The true indigo originally used in indigo purple dyes. Grows successfully in sun or shade. The plants grow to 5’ in height, and are covered with pink flowers all summer long. This plant constantly garners questions from visitors to Rutgers Gardens and can be cut to the ground in mid winter to produce a fuller habit. Not available in 2013
Indigofera gerardiana (Indigo) – Rare! A cousin to the previously mentioned plant. Although this indigo only grows to 3’, the pink flower spikes are produced from June to frost. Great in the mixed border or as a container plant! The foliage is also an attractive gray green. Hardy to zone 5.
Itea virginica ‘Henry’s Garnet’ (Virginia Sweetspire) – Native! If you have not discovered or used this plant in the garden as of yet, this is a very rewarding shrub! The arching stems grow to 6’ tall (usually 4’) with the tips yielding long pendulous racemes of sweetly fragrant white flowers in July. In autumn, the foliage turns a great burgundy red, which lasts until mid December. In winter, the young stems are also burgundy red in color. A multiseason plant! Full sun to light shade, best in moister soils, but will tolerate drought for short periods. The species is native from southern New Jersey to Florida.
Jasminum nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine) – A deciduous shrub that makes a great tall groundcover. The green stems are covered with 1” wide yellow flowers during warm spells in January and February and readily during the month of March. It also makes a great espalier! Great for cascading over walls.
Kerria japonica ‘Pleniflora’ (Japanese Kerria) – Similar to the above, but the flowers are double and it will rebloom during the summer months.
Lonicera pileata 'Moss Green' (Prevet Honeysuckle) - Is a lower growing form of this evergreen groundcover shrub, only reaching 2' tall. It has very neat and tiny leaves which provide interest in summer and winter. Produces amethyst fruits in late summer. Great in a shady location and is very tolerant of well drained soils. Is deer tolerant.
Mahonia repens (Creeping Mahonia) - A groundcover form of Mahonia that is native to the West Coast. The evergreen leaves are a bluish-green in summer, changing to a bronzy-purple in winter. In spring, it has short, uprigh racemes of bright yellow flowers, followed by a very dark blue, grape-like fruit. Grows best in shady sites which are well drained. Best grown in gardens that are a zone 6.
Microbiota decussata (Russian Arborvitae) – A great low growing evergreen light shade. Has proven to be deer resistant and obtains a plum color to the foliage during the winter months.
Nandina domestica ‘Aurea’ (Dwarf Heavenly Bamboo) – Similar to the species except the foliage is a more intense green and the fruit is yellow. Best grown in light shade.
Nandina domestica ‘Compacta’ (Dwarf Heavenly Bamboo) – A great plant for the sun or shade. The very dense foliage is a green with tints of red during the summer, turning a glowing red during the winter! Full sun or light shade. Growing to 3-4’, it makes a great low growing hedge!
Nandina domestica ‘Gulf Stream’ (Heavenly Bamboo) –A very compact form, only growing to 3’ tall and wide. The foliage is evergreen (well, actually the foliage turns from green to red in the winter!) with bright red berries on the fall and winter. The red winter foliage is more brilliant in a sunny location. Does not like wet feet.
Philadelphus 'Snowbelle' (Mock Orange) - Most Mock Orange plants become tall and rangy. The selection matures to 3-4' tall, making it an excellent addition to the garden. The white flowers are large, double and very fragrant, adding great interest to the late spring and early summer garden. Plant in full sun to light shade, in average garden soil.
Rhododendron prunifolium (Plumleaf Azalea) – Red to orange flowers in July and August make this a great addition for brightening up the summer garden. Native to the Piedmont region of the US, these shade loving plants are hardy to zone 4 and eventually will reach upwards of 10’ in height.
Rhododendron schlippenbachii (Royal Azalea) – One of the monarchs of the deciduous Rhododendrons. Growing to 6-8’ tall, the fragrant rose pink flowers appear in mid to late April. Best in light shade, in humus rich soils that are well drained. A very delicate and attractive plant for the garden. The plant of the month for April 2011!
Rhododendron viscosum (Swamp Azalea) – Native! A great native azalea, often found growing in moist soil locations, but it will grow very well in average garden soil that is amended with organic matter. Fragrant clove scented white flowers appear in May into June over attractive dark green foliage.
Rhododendron viscosum ‘Lemon Drop’ (Swamp Azalea) – Similar to the above, but the flowers are a light yellow!
Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-Low’ (Compact Fragrant Sumac) – Growing to 3-4’ tall, this plant gets great red and orange fall colors. Very drought tolerant, full sun is best.
Rhus coppalina 'Lanham's Purple' (Shining Sumac) - This mid-sized selection has lustrous purple new growth in spring an dearly summer. In midsummer, the color has matured to burgundy-green and the fall color is a striking combination of purple, red, orange and yellow! Wow!! It is very tolerant of poor, dry soils and colonizes banks, hillsides and rocky areas well. Hardy to zone 5 and has a height and spread of 6'.
Rosa Chinensis mutabolis - This Chinese Shrub Rose has delicate yellow to red single flowers that appear on the plant simultaneously! Blooms all summer until fall and will tolerate some shade. Growing to 3' tall and wide, it is a great addition for the mixed border or the rose garden.
Rosa ‘Knock Out’ (Shrub Rose) – Interested in a tough, disease and pest resistant rose with fragrant red flowers? Here the answer to your rose dilemma! Full sun, well-drained soils are best.
Rosa ‘Double Pink Knock Out’ (Shrub Rose) – Just as above, but the flowers are pink with extra petals, creating a fuller double flower
Rubus oderatus (Flowering Raspberry) – A truly underutilized native plant for the garden. Don’t let the name fool you, it does not have thorns! The plants provide a rich pink and fragrant flower, up to 2” in diameter in June into July – just when the garden needs a little color! Foliage is coarse, to 5” in diameter, and very clean. Plants are typically found along the edge of woodlands in full sun or light shade. Hardy to zone 5.
Spirea japonica ‘Magic Carpet’ (Spirea) – Only growing to 2’ tall and wide, this exciting new selection has red new foliage which gradually changes to bronze during the summer. Easily grown in sun or light shade in most soils, this is a great accent plant for the shrub and mixed border.
Spirea thunbergii ‘Ogon’ (Spirea) – Growing to 3’ tall and wide, this plant sports narrow willow-like yellow foliage throughout the summer months, making it a great addition for the shrub or mixed border. White flowers appear in May, while the fall color is bronze.
Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis (Dwarf Sweetbox) – An evergreen groundcover (18” tall) that receives its name from the extremely fragrant small white flowers that adorn the plant in March. The fragrance is almost intoxicating! A P.H.S. gold medal winner, this plant grows best in a shady and well drained location.
Sarcococca orientalis (Sweetbox) – Lustrous dark green evergreen foliage up to 3" long. In early winter, fragrant blush-pink to white flowers unfold, slightly larger than the previously mentioned species followed by shiny black fruits. Excellent in wooded or shady locations in protected locations. Evergreen to at least +5? F.
Stachyurus praecox - Oddly, here is a plant without a common name! Long dangling racemes (flower stems) up to 5" in length which are covered with small yellow flowers in early spring make this one of the most interesting of plants for the early spring woodland. A most elegant plant when you see the yellow flowers draping the plants. Moist, well-drained soils and light shade are best. Zone 6.
Stephanandra incisa ‘Crispa’ (Cutleaf Stephanandra) – A fast growing and tough groundcover plant with Maple-like leaves that emerge bronze and gradually turn green with age. The stems are an attractive dark pink in color and it is ideal for massing and planting on difficult to maintain banks. Grows equally well in sun or shade and is deer resistant!
*Featured in the Shrub Garden at Rutgers Gardens.
Ternstroemia gymnanthera ‘Variegata’ (Japanese Ternstroemia) – An evergreen shrub that has lightly variegated foliage. Ideal for the shady and wind protected garden (a zone 7 plant), the foliage develops red tints in the winter.
Vitex 'Abbeville Blue' (Chastetree) - Deer Resistant! This is a great plant for late summer interest in the garden. Growing to 10' tall, the aromatic, gray-green foliage provides a great backdrop for the clear blue, 12-18" lonog flower spikes that are produced from mid July through early September. A great backdrop for the mixed border. Full sun, well drained (even dry) soils, and did I mention that it is deer resistant!
Weigela florida 'Minor Black (Weigela) - Has deep reddish-maroon glossy leaves on a very compact plant to 3' tall and wide! Rose Pink flowers appear in May and June, contrasting nicely with the foliage. An ideal plant for the small and large garden alike! Zone 4 hardy, full sun is best.
Weigela florida ‘Wine and Roses’ (Weigela) – Rose-red flowers appear in late May well into June with dark burgundy foliage for summer interest. Maturing to a height of 4’ the best foliage color and flowers are produced in light shade and full sun. Average soil and moisture.
Weigela florida ‘My Monet’ (Weigela) – This deciduous shrub has beautiful, variegated green, cream, and pink foliage and dark-pink blooms in spring. Truly a great choice for any landscape or container! Mature height 12 - 18" tall.
Xanthorhiza simplicissima (Yellowroot) – Native! A great native plant that is a stupendous, weed suppressing groundcover! The stems of the plant reach 2-3’ in height in moist shade, lower in sun and dry shade. The foliage resembles that of celery. The flowers appear before the leaves appear, and are curious shades of purple. Summer foliage is a deep green, with fall color a great yellow. Will cover large areas if left alone!