2014 Spring Flower Fair Herbs

 

ANISE HYSSOP
Agastache foeniculum
Perennial, 2’ – 3 ½’ full sun to partial shade
The soft, anise-scented leaves are used as a seasoning, as a tea, and in potpourri. The purple flower spike is favored by bees who make a light fragrant honey from the nectar.

BASIL, AROMA New!
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 20” – 24”, full sun
Similar to Genovese basil, but with more resistance to fusarium wilt.  Use in salads, vegetable dishes, pesto and Italian sauces.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, BLUE SPICE New!
Ocimum basilicum ‘Blue Spice’
Annual, 16” – 24”, full sun
Not blue, looks like Thai basil with purple stems and flowers.  Spicy flavor with a hint of vanilla.  Flowers mid-summer to early fall, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, BOXWOOD 
Ocimum basilicum’Boxwood’
Annual, 12”-16” full sun
Grows tightly like boxwood, very small leaves, strong flavor, great for pestos.  Ideal for containers or as borders in the garden. 

BASIL, CINNAMON
Ocimum gratissimum
Annual, 24”, full sun
From Mexico.  Similar to sweet basil with a distinctive cinnamon taste and scent.  Purple-red stalks, pinkish flowers and glossy dark green leaves.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, CORSICAN New!
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 18”, full sun
An heirloom basil from the island of Corsica, the birthplace of Napoleon.  It has mottled green and purple leaves and a mild flavor.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, GENOVESE
Ocimum basilicum ‘Genovese’
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Heirloom.  Intensely scented, used in pesto, leaves can be frozen for use in winter.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, GENOVESE COMPACT New!
Ocimum basilicum ‘Genovese’
Annual, 16” – 18”, full sun
Native to Italy, best Genovese variety for containers.  Same flavor and leaf size on a smaller plant.  Slower to bolt than most basils.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, GLOBE
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 12” – 18”, full sun
Also called “Greek Basil”.  Forms a round bush with small, thin leaves, ideal for containers or as borders in the garden

BASIL, HOLY
Ocimum sanctum
Annual, 8” – 12”, full sun
Grown in houses, gardens and near temples all over India.  Clove-scented leaves are used in salads and other cold dishes.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching

BASIL, LEMON
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 10” – 16”, full sun
Intense lemon fragrance, ideal for tea and potpourri, flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, LIME
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 12”, full sun
Citrusy flavor and scent.  Used in pesto, fish, salads, vinegars and desserts.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, MAGIC MOUNTAIN New!
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 24” – 30”, full sun
Excellent ornamental plant with purple veined dark green leaves and large flowers.  More cold hardy than most basils.  Mild flavor.  Use in pesto, sauces and salads.  Leave flowers if used as an ornamental or pinch to encourage branching for culinary uses.

BASIL, MOZZARELLA
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, full sun
Genovese type basil with good, dark color. Good resistance to fusarium.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, NAPOLETANO
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 14” – 16”, full sun
Spicy, traditional basil flavor. Leaves are up to 4" long and tend to be lighter in color than other pesto types.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, NUFAR New!
Ocimum basilicum ‘Nufar F1 Hybrid’
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Fusarium wilt resistant variety of Sweet Basil.  A slightly anise/licorice flavor, described as pepper yet minty.  Leaves are massive.  Good for pesto.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, PESTO PERPETUO New!
Ocimum basilicum citriodorum
Annual, 48”, full sun
Columnar plant with variegated leaves.  Non-flowering.  Flavor similar to Genovese basil.  More drought tolerant and cold tolerant than most basils.

BASIL, PURPLE RUFFLES
Ocimum basilicum ‘Purple Ruffles’
Annual, 15”, full sun
Large heavily ruffled and fringed dark purple leaves and pinkish-purple flowers, adds color to salads and herbal vinegars.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.

BASIL, RED RUBIN New!
Ocimum basilicum ‘Red Rubin’
Annual 12”, full sun
Dark purple red leaves with an intense spicy flavor.  Excellent in containers, as an accent plant or as an edging.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching. 

BASIL, SIAM QUEEN THAI
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 2 ½’ – 3’, full sun
Spicy anise-licorice aroma and flavor.  Use in Thai green curries and Vietnamese noodle soups, AAS winner 1997, flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching

BASIL, SUPERBO
Ocimum basilicum ‘Superbo’
Annual, 16”, full sun
Specifically bred for pesto, improved variety of Genovese basil, flowers late, pinch to encourage branching

BASIL, SWEET
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 12” – 18”, full sun
Prized for pesto.  Also used with tomatoes and mild-flavored vegetables such as squash.  Excellent with meats like veal and lamb.  Flowers all season, pinch to encourage branching.
BASIL, VALENTINO
Ocimum basilicum
Annual, 24”, full sun
Produces beautiful, large aromatic leaves.  Very fragrant and tasty.  Excellent for dressings and sauces. 

BORAGE
Borago officinalis   
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Attracts bees and other beneficials.  Light blue flowers.  Good companion plant for tomatoes and squash.  Flowers and leaves used in teas and salads, and can be frozen into ice cubes for later use.

CARAWAY
Carum carvi
Biennial, 24”, full sun to partial shade
Produces seeds the second year of growth.  Harvest seed when seed heads turn brown before they burst and continue drying indoors.  Does not like to grow near fennel, but makes a good companion for peas.  Seed is used in rye breads, cheese, and German sauerkraut.  Leaves are used in soups and salads.

CATNIP
Nepeta cataria
Perennial, 2’ – 3’, full sun to partial shade
Tolerates dry conditions.  Used to make a soothing tea for people.  Leaves, either fresh or dried, induces euphoria in cats

CHAMOMILE, GERMAN
Matricaria recutita
Annual, 18” – 30”, full sun
Flowers used fresh or dry to make a soothing tea, will reseed in the garden

CHERVIL
Anthriscus cerefolium
Annual, 12” – 24”, full sun to partial shade, tolerates dry conditions
Aka French parsley. Spring or fall plantings, mild anise flavor, used in soups and salads.  One of the French fines herbes.

CHIVES, COMMON
Allium schoenoprasum
Perennial, 10” – 16”, full sun
Attracts beneficial insects.  Purple flowers can be used in salads for color and flavor.

CHIVES, GARLIC
Allium tuberosum
Perennial, 15” – 18”, full sun to partial shade
Flat leaved, taste is combination of garlic and chives. Showy white flowers.  Also known as “Chinese Leek”.

CILANTRO
Coriandrum sativum
Annual, 2’ – 3’, full sun
Attracts beneficial insects.  Staple ingredient in salsa and other Mexican dishes.  Leaves, roots and seeds (coriander) are edible.  Coriander can be used whole or ground in curries, Oriental dishes, and savory baked goods.

CILANTRO, SANTO
Coriandrum sativum ‘Santo’
Annual, 12” – 24”, full sun
Bolt resistant strain.  Attracts beneficial insects.  Staple ingredient in salsa and other Mexican dishes.  Leaves, roots and seeds (coriander) are edible.  Coriander can be used whole or ground in curries, Oriental dishes, and savory baked goods.

CLARY SAGE New!
Salvia sclarea
Biennial, 3’ – 4’, full sun to partial shade
Large (1’) hairy leaves with mauve flowers in tall bracts.  Essential oil is used in aromatherapy, perfumes and as flavoring for vermouths, wines and liqueurs.

CORIANDER
See Cilantro.

CUMIN
Cuminum cyminum
Annual, 1’ - 1 ½’, full sun
Important in many international cuisines, including India and Mexico.  Used in soups, cake, bread, cheese, and as an ingredient of commercial curry powders.

DILL, BOUQUET
Anethum graveolens
Annual, 30”, full sun, attracts beneficial insects
Compact version of Mammoth Dill

DILL, DUKAT
Anethum graveolens
Annual, 18” – 24”, full sun
Attracts beneficial insects. Sweetest of all dills

DILL, FERNLEAF
Anethum graveolens
Annual, 18”, full sun,
Attracts beneficial insects.  Dwarf variety, grows well in containers, AAS winner 1992

EPAZOTE 
Chenopodium ambrosoides
Annual, 2’- 4’, full sun
Highly esteemed in Mexico and Guatemala for seasoning corn, black beans, mushrooms, fish and shellfish.

FENNEL, BRONZE
Foeniculum vulgare dulce
Perennial, 3’ – 4’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar plant for the swallowtail butterfly.  Lacy foliage with a bronze cast.  Does not form an edible bulb.  Use as a garnish or add to salads.

FENNEL, GREEN  New!
Foeniculum vulgare 'Green'
Perennial, 24” – 36”, full sun tp partial shade
Nectar plant for the swallowtail butterfly.  Lacy green foliage.  Does not form an edible bulb.  Use as a garnish or add to salads.

FENNEL, ZEFA FINO
Foeniculum vulgare azoricum
Perennial, 2’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar plant for the swallowtail butterfly.  Heirloom, Slightly elongated, flat bulbs with sweet anise flavor.  Foliage can also be used in salads or in cooking.  More resistant to bolting than other varieties.

FEVERFEW
Tanacetum parthenium
Perennial, 24” – 36”, full sun to partial shade
Camphor odor repels insects.  Small daisy-like flowers, do not plant near vegetables.

FLAX
Linum usitatissium
Annual, 20”, full sun
Seeds are source of flax seed oil.  Stems are source of strong fiber used in linen cloth.

HYSSOP
Hyssopus officinalis
Perennial, 1' – 2', full sun to partial shade
Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.  Spikes of blue flowers.  Refreshing aromatic scent.  Leaves used in salads, game meats, soups and stews.  Essential oil used in perfumes.

LAVENDER, BLUE ICE New!
Lavandula angustifolia ‘Blue Ice’
Perennial, 18”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Bushy, compact shrub with light blue flowers.  Flowers are highly scented.  Good for drying.

LAVENDER, COCONUT ICE 
Lavandula angustifolia ‘Coconut Ice’
Perennial, 16” – 18”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Dense, silvery-green foliage with spreading, upright habit. Flowers are clear pink before turning white. On the same spike more mature flowers show white, creating a stunning bi-color effect. Fragrant.

LAVENDER, DILLY DILLY New!
Lavandula x intermedia ‘Dilly Dilly’
Perennial, 12” – 14”, full sun, drought tolerant
Very compact with intensely fragrant violet blue flowers.  Good for drying.

LAVENDER, FRED BOUTIN
Lavandula x  intermedia ‘Fred Boutin’
Perennial, 20”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Forms low dense clumps of woolly-silver, almost white, leaves, with violet flowers on branched stalks.

LAVENDER, FRENCH
Lavandula candicans ‘Dentata’
Perennial, 36”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  Blooms longer than Spanish lavenders.  Not usually used as a culinary lavender.  Light purple flowers.

LAVENDER, GOODWIN CREEK
Lavandula  hybrid ‘Goodwin Creek’
Perennial, 24’ – 36”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  One of the most ornamental cultivars.  Use in potpourri, sachets, flower arrangements.  Does well indoors.  Dark purple flowers.

LAVENDER, GROSSO
Lavandula x intermedia ‘Grosso’
Perennial, 30”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Violet flowers, strong scent

LAVENDER, HIDCOTE
Lavandula angustifolia ‘Hidcote’
Perennial, 12”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Silver-grey foliage, deep purple flowers

LAVENDER, KEW RED
Lavandula stoechas 'Kew Red'
Perennial, 12” – 24”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  A variety of Spanish lavender.  Pineapple shaped blooms bracts at the top.  The blooms remain more compact with the plant itself instead of growing in spikes.  Fuchsia colored blooms with pink bracts on top.

LAVENDER, MUNSTEAD
Lavandula angustifolia ‘Munstead’
Perennial, 12” – 18”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Flowers lavender-blue, bluer and earlier than most.

LAVENDER, OTTO QUAST
Lavandula stoechas 'Otto Quast'
Perennial, 20” – 28”, full sun, drought tolerant
Not hardy in NJ.  Rich royal purple flowers with light purple bracts at the top on spikes above gray-green foliage.  One of the showiest lavenders in the garden, it doesn't have the same fragrance as other lavender varieties. The fragrance smells like a cross between a lavender and rosemary.

LAVENDER, PROVENCE
Lavandula x intermedia
Perennial, 3’, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Very fragrant, grown for fresh bouquets, lavender wands and potpourri

LAVENDER, TIARA New!
Lavandula stoechas ‘Tiara’
Perennial, 18”, full sun, tolerates dry conditions
Not hardy in NJ.  Compact plants with deep blue flower heads topped with cream bracts.  Flowers are highly scented.  Good for drying.

LEMON BALM
Melissa officinalis
Perennial, 2’,  full sun to partial shade
Attracts bees.  Can be used as a tea or use fresh, chopped leaves in salads, soups and stews.  When crushed and rubbed on the skin, makes an effective insect repellent. 

LEMON GRASS
Cymbopogon citrates
Annual, 3’ – 5’, full sun
Used in Thai and Vietnamese dishes to flavor fish, soups, curries and sauces, makes a tea that is drunk hot or cold.

LEMON VERBENA
Aloysia triphylla
Perennial, 5', full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Dried leaves used to make a delicious lemon-lime tea.  Fresh or dried leaves used with fish, poultry, marinades, salad dressings, jams and puddings.  Excellent container plant.

LOVAGE
Levisticum officinale
Perennial, 5’, full sun to partial shade, tolerates dry conditions
Greenish yellow flowers, Leaves, stems and seeds taste like celery.  Used in soups and salads.

MARJORAM, GOLD TIP New!
Origanum vulgare ‘Gold Tip’
Annual, 16”, full sun
Dark green leaves with brilliant golden-yellow tips, lavender-pink flowers.  Used in soups, sauces, stuffings and stews.  Plant loses its variegation if grown in partial shade.

MARJORAM, SWEET
Origanum majorana
Annual, 12” – 24”, full sun
Sweeter and milder than oregano, used in soups, sauces, stuffings and stews.  Use plant tops to dye wool in shades of yellow, orange, brown and grey.

MEXICAN MINT MARIGOLD
Tagetes lucida
Annual, 18” – 36”, full sun, drought tolerant
Dried leaves are used as a tarragon substitute for flavoring soups, sauces etc. A pleasant anise-flavored tea, popular in Latin America, is brewed using the dried leaves and flowering tops. The petals are used as a condiment.  Also used in Day of the Dead celebrations. A yellow dye can be obtained from the flowers.  The dried plant is burnt as an incense and to repel insects.

MINT, APPLE
Mentha suaveolens
Perennial, 1 ½' to 2', full sun to partial shade
Sometimes called Woolly Mint.  Smells like apples.  The leaves can be used to make apple mint jelly, as well as flavoring in dishes such as apple mint couscous.  It is also often used to make a mint tea, as a garnish, or in salads.

MINT, BANANA
Mentha arvensis
Perennial, 12”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Chartreuse foliage.  Smells like bananas. 

MINT, CHOCOLATE
Mentha x piperita piperita
Perennial, 2’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Smells like peppermint patties

MINT, ORANGE
Mentha piperita ‘Citrata’
Perennial, 24”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flowers for small butterflies.  Intense orange fragrance.  Spicier and stronger than most mints. It is used in teas.

MINT, PEPPERMINT
Mentha x piperita piperita
Perennial, 2’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Makes a fine hot or cold tea, or a garnish for punch or fruit.  Harvest only the young leaves; the older leaves and the stems tend to be bitter.

MINT, SPEARMINT
Mentha spicata
Perennial, 36”, full sun to partial shade
Best cooking mint.  Exellent with carrots, peas and potatoes, and for making mint sauces for roast lamb.

MOUNTAIN MINT
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Perennial, 3’, full sun to partial shade
Native plant with white flowers that attracts bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects.  Used in potpourri and incense.

OREGANO, GOLDEN
Origanum vulgare ‘Aureum’
Perennial, 1’ – 3’, full sun
Ornamental with mild oregano flavor. Golden foliage.  Used in rock gardens and edges of flower beds.

OREGANO, GREEK 
Origanum vulgare hirtum
Perennial, 1’, full sun
True oregano collected wild in the mountains of Greece.  White flowers, very hardy.  Excellent flavor.

OREGANO, KENT BEAUTY
Origanum ‘Kent Beauty’
Perennial, 1’, full sun
Ornamental oregano, trailing branches with attractive pink or purple flower bracts.  Flowers can be dried and used in dried arrangements.
PARSLEY, ITALIAN FLAT LEAF
Petroselinum crispum neapolitanum
Biennial, 18”, full sun to partial shade
Host plant for butterflies.  Dark green, glossy leaves, strong flavor

ROSEMARY, ARP
Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Arp’
Perennial, 5’, full sun
Perennial in zones 7-10, may survive in NJ with protection.  Foliage is gray-green with good flavor and aroma.  Difficult to grow in containers.  Flavor harmonizes with poultry, fish, lamb, beef, veal, pork, and game.  Enhances tomatoes, spinach, peas, mushrooms, squash, cheese, eggs, and lentils.  Complements the herbs chives, thyme, chervil, parsley, and bay in recipes.

ROSEMARY, HILL HARDY
Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Hill Hardy’
Perennial, 2’ – 3’, full sun
Perennial in zones 7-10, may survive in NJ with protection.  Used same as Arp.

ROSEMARY, PROSTRATE
Rosemarinus officinalis ‘Prostratus’
Perennial, 3’, full sun to partial shade
Perennial in zones 8 -10, not hardy in NJ.  Low spreading, evergreen shrub or ground cover.  Its leaves are green, , leathery and very aromatic.  Has pale blue flowers from early- to mid-summer.  Will trail over walls or edge of a raised bed.  Can be used in containers.

SAGE, BERGGARTEN
Salvia officinalis ‘Berggarten’
Perennial, 18”, full sun
Used like Garden Sage, has broader leaves

SAGE, GOLDEN
Salvia officinalis ‘Aurea’
Perennial, 18”, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Leaves edged with chartreuse-yellow, perennial in zones 7 – 9.

SAGE, PINEAPPLE
Salvia elegans
Annual, 2’ – 3’, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.  Fabulous pinapple scent.  Brilliant red flowers late summer into early fall.  Use for drinks, chicken, cheese and in jams and jellies.  Pinch to keep bushy.

SAGE, PINEAPPLE ‘GOLDEN DELICIOUS’
Salvia elegans ‘Golden Delicious’
Annual, 12” – 24”, full sun
Not hardy in NJ.  Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.  Fabulous pineapple scent.  Brilliant chartreuse foliage. Red Flowers may appear late in the season or not at all. Grown mainly for its foliage. 

SAGE, TRICOLOR SAGE
Salvia officinalis ‘Tricolor’
Perennial, 2’ – 3’, full sun
Aromatic foliage with white and pink streaks.  Can be used like Garden Sage.
Winter mulch, can be grown indoors

SAVORY, WINTER
Satureja Montana
Perennial, 6” – 12”, full sun
Strong, pungent, piney flavor, attractive low bush for borders and edgings, used with strong game meats and pâtés.

STEVIA
Stevia rebaudiana
Annual, 2’ – 3’, full sun,
Used as a sweetener.  Leaves may be used fresh or dried for later use.

TANSY
Tanacetum vulgare
Perennial, 3’ – 4’, full sun to partial shade
Pretty yellow button flowers.  Repels ants from counters or around baseboard.  Repels cockroaches as well.  Produces yellow and green fabric dyes.

TARRAGON, FRENCH
Artemisia dracunculus ‘sativa’
Perennial, 3’, full sun
Culinary herb to flavor vinegar, mayonnaise and butter.  Enhances fish, shellfish, pork, beef, lamb, game, poultry and numerous vegetables.  One of the French fines herbes.

THYME
Thymus vulgaris
Perennial, 1’, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  One of the fines herbes used in French cooking.  Also used in bouquet garni.  Small, evergreen, many-branched, aromatic shrub with gray-green leaves and white to pale purple flowers that bloom in summer.

THYME, DOONE VALLEY
Thymus x citriodorus ‘Doone Valley’
Perennial, 3” – 5”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Not a cooking thyme.  Leaves and flowers can used as garnish.  Variegated foliage. Lavender-pink flowers attract bees and butterflies.  Scent is stronger than Lemon Thyme.  Ideal for placing along a pathway or between stones in walkway.

THYME, ENGLISH
Thymus vulgaris
Perennial, 15”, full sun or partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  One of the fines herbes used in French cooking.  Also used in bouquet garni.  Small, evergreen, many-branched, aromatic shrub with gray-green leaves and white to pale purple flowers that bloom in summer.

THYME, FRENCH
Thymus vulgaris
Perennial, 12”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  One of the fines herebs used in French cooking.  Also used in bouquet garni.  In medieval France, thyme plants were thought to be a home for fairies, and gardeners set aside a little bed of thyme for them.

THYME, LEMON VARIEGATED
Thymus x citriodorus
Perennial, 4” – 12”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Small, upright bush, strong lemon scent; used with fish or chicken, also in tea

THYME, MOTHER OF
Thymus thracicus
Perennial, 4”, full sun to partial shade
Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Low mat-forming with either white or rose flowers in July.  Ideal choice for planting between walkway stones or bricks and used as a groundcover.

THYME, RED MOTHER OF New!
Thymus thracicus
Perennial, 4”, full sun to partial shade
Identical to Mother of Thyme but with red stems.  Nectar flower for small butterflies.  Low mat-forming with either white or rose flowers in July.  Ideal choice for planting between walkway stones or bricks and used as a groundcover.

SCENTED GERANIUMS – NOT HARDY IN NJ

Apple
Pelargonium odoratissimum

Coconut
Pelargonium grossularioides

Lady Plymouth
Pelargonium graveolens var.
A light rose scent

Strawberry
Pelargonium x scarborovaie

Orange
Pelargonium citrosum